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Discussion papers
https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-2019-973
© Author(s) 2019. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.
https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-2019-973
© Author(s) 2019. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Submitted as: technical note 08 Nov 2019

Submitted as: technical note | 08 Nov 2019

Review status
This discussion paper is a preprint. It is a manuscript under review for the journal Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics (ACP).

Technical note: Fundamental aspects of ice nucleation via pore condensation and freezing including Laplace pressure and growth into macroscopic ice

Claudia Marcolli Claudia Marcolli
  • Institute for Atmospheric and Climate Science, ETH, Zurich, Switzerland

Abstract. Pore condensation and freezing (PCF) is an ice nucleation mechanism that explains ice formation at low ice supersaturation. It assumes that liquid water condenses in pores of solid aerosol particles below water saturation, as described by the Kelvin equation, followed by homogeneous ice nucleation when temperatures are below about 235 K or immersion freezing at higher temperatures, in case the pores contain active sites that induce ice nucleation. Pore water is under tension (negative pressure) below water saturation as described by the Young-Laplace equation. This negative pressure affects the ice nucleation rates and the stability of the pore ice. Here, pressure dependent parameterizations of classical nucleation theory are developed to quantify the increase of homogeneous ice nucleation rates as a function of tension and to assess the critical diameter of pores that is required to accommodate ice at negative pressures. For growth out of the pore into a macroscopic ice crystal, ice supersaturation is required. The required supersaturation as a function of the pore opening width is derived, assuming that the ice phase first grows as a spherical cap on top of the pore opening before it starts to expand laterally on the particle surface into a macroscopic ice crystal.

Claudia Marcolli
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Claudia Marcolli
Claudia Marcolli
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Short summary
Pore condensation and freezing (PCF) is an ice nucleation mechanism explaining ice formation at low ice supersaturation. It assumes that liquid water condenses in pores of solid aerosol particles below water saturation followed by ice nucleation within the pores. This study discusses conditions of pore filling, homogeneous ice nucleation within the volume of pore water, and growth of ice out of the pores taking the effect of negative pressure within pores below water saturation into account.
Pore condensation and freezing (PCF) is an ice nucleation mechanism explaining ice formation at...
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