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Discussion papers
https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-2019-668
© Author(s) 2019. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.
https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-2019-668
© Author(s) 2019. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Submitted as: research article 16 Oct 2019

Submitted as: research article | 16 Oct 2019

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This discussion paper is a preprint. It is a manuscript under review for the journal Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics (ACP).

Asian Summer Monsoon Anticyclone: Trends and Variability

Ghouse Basha1, M. Venkat Ratnam1, and Pangaluru Kishore2 Ghouse Basha et al.
  • 1National Atmospheric Research Laboratory, Department of Space, Gadanki-517112, India
  • 2Department of Earth System Science, University of California, Irvine, CA, 92697, USA

Abstract. The Asian Summer Monsoon (ASM) dynamics act as a pathway for the transport of trace gases and pollutants both vertically (through convection) and horizontally (through low-level jet and tropical easterly jet). These pollutants will be trapped in the anticyclone present during the same period in the upper troposphere and lower stratosphere (UTLS). Since the anticyclone extends from the Middle East to East Asia, trapped pollutants are expected to make a large radiative forcing to the background atmosphere. Thus, it is essential to understand the anticyclone features in detail and its relation to long-term oscillations. This work explores the spatial variability and the trends of the Asian Summer Monsoon Anticyclone (ASMA) using observational and reanalysis data sets. Emphasis is made to investigate the temporal, spatial, and long-term trends of ASMA. Our analysis indicates that the spatial extent and magnitude of ASMA is greater during July and August compared to June and September. The decadal variability of the anticyclone is very large at the edges of anticyclone than at the core region. Significant deviations in the northeast and southwest parts of ASMA are also observed in the decadal variability with reference to 1951−1960 period. The strength of the ASMA shows a drastic increase from the easterlies to the westerlies in terms of temporal variation. Further, our results show that the extent of anticyclone is greater during the active phase of the monsoon, strong monsoon years, and during La Niña events. Significant warming with strong westerlies is observed exactly over the Tibetan Plateau during the active phase of the monsoon, strong monsoon years, and during La Niña events. Over the Tibetan Plateau, there is strong elevated heating from the surface to the tropopause, which is observed with strong westerlies during active and strong monsoon years. Our results support the transport process over Tibetan Plateau and the Indian region during active, strong monsoon years and during strong La Niña years. It is suggested to consider different phases of monsoon while interpreting the pollutants/trace gases in the anticyclone.

Ghouse Basha et al.
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Short summary
This study explores the variability of Asian Summer Monsoon Anticyclone (ASMA) spatial variability and trends using longterm observational and reanalysis datasets. The decadal variability of anticyclone is very large at the edges of the anticyclone than the core region. Our results support the transport process over Tibetan Plateau and the Indian region is significant during active, strong monsoon years and during strong La Niña years. It is suggested to consider different phases of monsoon.
This study explores the variability of Asian Summer Monsoon Anticyclone (ASMA) spatial...
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