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Discussion papers
https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-2019-631
© Author(s) 2019. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.
https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-2019-631
© Author(s) 2019. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Submitted as: research article 13 Sep 2019

Submitted as: research article | 13 Sep 2019

Review status
This discussion paper is a preprint. A revision of the manuscript is under review for the journal Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics (ACP).

Evaluation of aerosol and cloud properties in three climate models using MODIS observations and its corresponding COSP simulator, and their application in aerosol-cloud interaction

Giulia Saponaro1, Moa K. Sporre2, David Neubauer3, Harri Kokkola1, Pekka Kolmonen1, Larisa Sogacheva1, Antti Arola1, Gerrit de Leeuw1, Inger H. H. Karset2, Ari Laaksonen1, and Ulrike Lohmann3 Giulia Saponaro et al.
  • 1Finnish Meteorological Institute, P.O. Box 503 FI-00101 Helsinki
  • 2Department of Geosciences, University of Oslo, Norway
  • 3Institute for Atmospheric and Climate Science, ETH Zurich, Zurich, 8092, Switzerland

Abstract. The evaluation of modeling diagnostics with appropriate observations is an important task that establishes the capabilities and reliability of models. In this study we compare aerosol and cloud properties obtained from three different climate models ECHAM-HAM, ECHAM-HAM-SALSA, and NorESM with satellite observations using MOderate Resolution Imaging Spectrometer (MODIS) data. The simulator MODIS-COSP version 1.4 was implemented into the climate models to obtain MODIS-like cloud diagnostics, thus enabling model to model and model to satellite comparisons. Cloud droplet number concentrations (CDNC) are derived identically from MODIS-COSP simulated and MODIS-retrieved values of cloud optical depth and effective radius. For CDNC, the models capture the observed spatial distribution of higher values typically found near the coasts, downwind of the major continents, and lower values over the remote ocean and land areas. However, the COSP-simulated CDNC values are higher than those observed, whilst the direct model CDNC output is significantly lower than the MODIS-COSP diagnostics. NorESM produces large spatial biases for ice cloud properties and thick clouds over land. Despite having identical cloud modules, ECHAM-HAM and ECHAM-HAM-SALSA diverge in their representation of spatial and vertical distribution of clouds. From the spatial distributions of aerosol optical depth (AOD) and aerosol index (AI), we find that NorESM shows large biases for AOD over bright land surfaces, while discrepancies between ECHAM-HAM and ECHAM-HAM-SALSA can be observed mainly over oceans. Overall, the AIs from the different models are in good agreement globally, with higher negative biases on the Northern Hemisphere. We computed the aerosol-cloud interactions as the sensitivity of dln(CDNC)/dln(AI) on a global scale. However, one year of data may be considered not enough to assess the similarity or dissimilarities of the models due to large temporal variability in cloud properties. This study shows how simulators facilitate the evaluation of cloud properties and expose model deficiencies which are necessary steps to further improve the parametrization in climate models.

Giulia Saponaro et al.
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Status: final response (author comments only)
Status: final response (author comments only)
AC: Author comment | RC: Referee comment | SC: Short comment | EC: Editor comment
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Giulia Saponaro et al.
Data sets

MODIS Atmosphere L3 Daily Product. NASA MODIS Adaptive Processing System, Goddard Space Flight Center S. Platnick, M. King, and P. Hubanks https://doi.org/10.5067/MODIS/MYD08_D3.061

Giulia Saponaro et al.
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Short summary
The understanding of cloud processes is based on the quality of the representation of cloud properties. We compared cloud parameters from three models with satellite observations. We report on the performance of each data source, highlighting strengths and deficiencies, which should be considered when deriving the effect of aerosols on cloud properties.
The understanding of cloud processes is based on the quality of the representation of cloud...
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