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Discussion papers
https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-2019-531
© Author(s) 2019. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.
https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-2019-531
© Author(s) 2019. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Submitted as: research article 12 Jun 2019

Submitted as: research article | 12 Jun 2019

Review status
This discussion paper is a preprint. A revision of the manuscript is under review for the journal Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics (ACP).

Shipborne measurements of ClNO2 in the Mediterranean Sea and around the Arabian Peninsula during summer

Philipp G. Eger1, Nils Friedrich1, Jan Schuladen1, Justin Shenolikar1, Horst Fischer1, Ivan Tadic1, Hartwig Harder1, Monica Martinez1, Roland Rohloff1, Sebastian Tauer1, Friederike Fachinger2, Frank Drewnick2, James Brooks3, Eoghan Darbyshire3, Jean Sciare4, Michael Pikridas4, Jos Lelieveld1, and John N. Crowley1 Philipp G. Eger et al.
  • 1Atmospheric Chemistry Department, Max-Planck-Institute for Chemistry, 55128 Mainz, Germany
  • 2Particle Chemistry Department, Max-Planck-Institute for Chemistry, 55128 Mainz, Germany
  • 3Centre for Atmospheric Science, University of Manchester, UK
  • 4Energy, Environment and Water Research Center, The Cyprus Institute, Nicosia 1645, Cyprus

Abstract. Shipborne measurements of nitryl chloride (ClNO2), hydrogen chloride (HCl) and sulphur dioxide (SO2) were made during the AQABA (Air Quality and climate change in the Arabian BAsin) ship campaign in summer 2017. The dataset includes measurements over the Mediterranean Sea, the Suez Canal, the Red Sea, the Gulf of Aden, the Arabian Sea, the Gulf of Oman and the Arabian Gulf (also known as Persian Gulf) with observed ClNO2 mixing ratios ranging from the limit of detection to ≈ 600 pptv. We examined the regional variability in the generation of ClNO2 via the uptake of dinitrogen pentoxide (N2O5) to Cl-containing aerosol and its importance for Cl-atom generation in a marine boundary layer under the (variable) influence of emissions from shipping and oil industry. The yield of ClNO2 formation per NO3 radical generated was generally low (median of ≈ 1–5 % depending on the region), mainly as a result of gas-phase loss of NO3 dominating over heterogeneous loss of N2O5, the latter being disfavoured by the high temperatures found throughout the campaign. The contributions of ClNO2 photolysis and OH-induced HCl oxidation to Cl-radical formation were derived and their relative contributions over the diel cycle compared. The results indicate that over the northern Red Sea, the Gulf of Suez and the Gulf of Oman the formation of Cl-atoms will enhance the oxidation rates of some VOCs, especially in the early morning.

Philipp G. Eger et al.
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Short summary
Shipborne measurements of nitryl chloride (ClNO2) were made during the AQABA (Air Quality and climate change in the Arabian BAsin) ship campaign in summer 2017. The dataset includes measurements over the Mediterranean Sea and around the Arabian Peninsula with observed mixing ratios ranging from the limit of detection to 600 pptv. We examined the regional variability in the generation of ClNO2 and its importance for Cl-atom generation in a marine boundary layer influenced by ships and industry.
Shipborne measurements of nitryl chloride (ClNO2) were made during the AQABA (Air Quality and...
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