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Discussion papers
https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-2019-1215
© Author(s) 2020. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.
https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-2019-1215
© Author(s) 2020. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Submitted as: research article 17 Mar 2020

Submitted as: research article | 17 Mar 2020

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This preprint is currently under review for the journal ACP.

Contrasting impacts of two types of El Niño events on winter haze days in China's Jing-Jin-Ji region

Xiaochao Yu1,2, Zhili Wang1, Hua Zhang1, Jianjun He1, and Ying Li3 Xiaochao Yu et al.
  • 1State Key Laboratory of Severe Weather and Key Laboratory of Atmospheric Chemistry of CMA, Chinese Academy of Meteorological Sciences, Beijing, 100081, China
  • 2Department of Atmospheric and Oceanic Sciences, Fudan University, Shanghai, 200438, China
  • 3National Climate Center, China Meteorological Administration, Beijing, 100081, China

Abstract. El Niño is a complex system with diverse distribution features and intensities. The regional climate anomalies caused by different types of El Niño event likely lead to various impacts on winter haze pollution in China. Based on long-term site observations of haze days in China from 1961 to 2013, this study explores the effects of Eastern Pacific (EP) and Central Pacific (CP) types of El Niño event on winter haze days (WHD) in China's Jing-Jin-Ji (JJJ) region and the physical mechanisms underlying WHD changes. The results show statistically significant positive and negative correlations, respectively, between WHD in the JJJ region and EP and CP El Niño events. At most sites in the JJJ region, the average WHD are increased in all EP El Niño years, with the maximum change exceeding 2.0 days. Meanwhile the average WHD are decreased at almost all stations over this region in all CP El Niño years, with the largest change being more than −2.0 days. The changes in large-scale circulations indicate obviously positive surface air temperature (SAT) anomalies and negative sea level pressure (SLP) anomalies over North China, and southerly wind anomalies at the mid-low troposphere over eastern China in the winters of EP El Niño years. These anomalies are conducive to increases in WHD in the JJJ region. However, there are significant northerly and northwesterly wind anomalies at the mid-low troposphere over eastern China, and stronger and wider precipitation anomalies in the winters of CP El Niño years, which contribute to decreased WHD over the JJJ region. Changes in local synoptic conditions indicate negative SLP anomalies, positive SAT anomalies, and weakened northerly winds over the JJJ region in the winters of EP El Niño years. The occurrence frequency of circulation types conducive to the accumulation (diffusion) of aerosol pollutants is increased (decreased) by 0.4 % (0.37 %) in those winters. However, the corresponding frequency is decreased (increased) by 0.54 % (0.56 %) in the winters of CP El Niño years. Our study highlights the importance of distinguishing the impacts of two types of El Niño events on winter haze pollution in China's JJJ region.

Xiaochao Yu et al.

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Short summary
There are statistically significant positive and negative correlations, respectively, between winter haze days (WHD) in China's Jing-Jin-Ji region and Eastern Pacific and Central Pacific El Niño events. These opposite changes in WHD are attributable to the anomalies of both large-scale circulation and local synoptic condition corresponding to two types of El Niño. Our study highlights the importance of distinguishing the impacts of two types of El Niño on winter haze pollution in this region.
There are statistically significant positive and negative correlations, respectively, between...
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