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© Author(s) 2020. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.
© Author(s) 2020. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Submitted as: research article 14 Jan 2020

Submitted as: research article | 14 Jan 2020

Review status
This discussion paper is a preprint. It is a manuscript under review for the journal Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics (ACP).

Amine and guanidine emissions from a boreal forest floor

Marja Hemmilä1, Ulla Makkonen1, Aki Virkkula1,2, Georgia Panagiotopoulou1, Juho Aalto2, Markku Kulmala2, Tuukka Petäjä2, Hannele Hakola1, and Heidi Hellén1 Marja Hemmilä et al.
  • 1Finnish Meteorological Institute, P.O. Box 503, 00101 Helsinki, Finland
  • 2Insitute for Atmospheric and Earth System Research/Physics, Faculty of Science, University of Helsinki, Finland

Abstract. We measured amine and guanidine emission rates from a boreal forest floor in Finland with 1-h time resolution, using an online ion chromatograph (instrument for Measuring AeRosols and Gases in Ambient air – MARGA) coupled with an electrospray ionization-quadrupole mass spectrometer (MS). MARGA-MS was connected to a closed dynamic flow-through poly(methyl methacrylate) chamber. Chamber recovery for the emission measurements was tested semi-quantitatively for monomethyl-, dimethyl- and trimethylamine (MMA, DMA and TMA), and the results were 19 %, 29 % and 24 %, respectively. MMA, DMA and TMA showed maximum emission rates in July, but the highest emission rates for guanidine were in April, when snow was melting. The MMA, DMA and TMA emission rates also clearly varied diurnally, especially in July with maxima at afternoon. Diethylamine (DEA) also showed higher emission rates, with clear diurnal cycles in July. Other amine emission rates were mostly below the detection limits.

The temperature dependencies of the emissions were studied, and we noted a correlation between the emission rates and chamber temperature (Tchamber). Especially in July emission rates of DMA followed Tchamber measured two hours earlier and guanidine showed a similar pattern. On the other hand, the TMA emission rates correlated with Tchamber measured at the same time. This could be due to lower vaporizing temperature of TMA. Emission rates of DMA and TMA showed some air temperature (Tair) dependency, but for MMA dependency was not as clear.

Marja Hemmilä et al.
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Marja Hemmilä et al.
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Publications Copernicus
Short summary
Amines are atmospheric bases, which can affect to nucleation of aerosols. Lately, a computational study showed that guanidine could be even more effective to stabilize sulphuric acid clusters. In this paper we used a a dynamic flow-through chamber with an online ion chromatograph MARGA coupled with a mass spectrometer (MARGA-MS). We studied amine and guanidine emission from a boreal forest floor in Finland, and find out, that the boreal forest floor is a source of amines and guanidine.
Amines are atmospheric bases, which can affect to nucleation of aerosols. Lately, a...