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Discussion papers
https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-2018-992
© Author(s) 2018. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.
https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-2018-992
© Author(s) 2018. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Research article 19 Oct 2018

Research article | 19 Oct 2018

Review status
This discussion paper is a preprint. It is a manuscript under review for the journal Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics (ACP).

Intra-regional transport of black carbon between the south edge of North China Plain and Central China during winter haze episodes

Huang Zheng1,2, Shaofei Kong1, Fangqi Wu1, Yi Cheng1, Zhenzhen Niu1, Shurui Zheng1, Guowei Yang1, Liquan Yao2, Qin Yan1,2, Jian Wu1,2, Mingming Zheng2,3, Nan Chen3, Ke Xu3, Yingying Yan1, Dantong Liu4, Delong Zhao5, Tianliang Zhao6, Yongqing Bai7, Shuanglin Li1, and Shihua Qi2 Huang Zheng et al.
  • 1Department of Atmospheric Science, School of Environmental Sciences, China University of Geosciences, Wuhan, 430074, China
  • 2Department of Environmental Science and Technology, School of Environmental Sciences, China University of Geosciences, Wuhan, 430074, China
  • 3Hubei Provincial Environmental Monitoring Centre , Wuhan, 430072, China
  • 4School of Earth, Atmospheric & Environmental Sciences, University of Manchester, M139PL, UK
  • 5Beijing Weather Modification Office, Beijing, 100089, China
  • 6School of Atmospheric Physics, Nanjing University of Information Science and Technology, Nanjing, 210044, China
  • 7Hubei Key Laboratory for Heavy Rain Monitoring and Warning Research, Institute of Heavy Rain, China Meteorological Administration , Wuhan, 430205, China

Abstract. Black carbon (BC), from the incomplete combustion sources (mainly fossil fuel, biofuel and open biomass burning), is chemically inertness and optical absorbance in the atmosphere. It has significant impacts on global climate, regional air quality, and human health. During the transportation, its physical-chemical characteristics, optical properties and sources would change dramatically. To investigate the BC properties (i.e., mass concentration, sources and optical properties) during the intra-regional transport between the south edge of North China Plain (SE-NCP) and Central China (CC), simultaneous observations of BC at a megacity (Wuhan, WH) in CC, three borderline cities (Xiangyang, XY, Suixian, SX and Hong'an, HA, distributing from the west to east) between SE-NCP and CC and a city (Luohe, LH) in SE-NCP were conducted during the typical winter haze episodes. Using Aethalometer, the highest equivalent BC (eBC) mass concentrations and aerosol absorption coefficients (σabs) were found in the city (LH) at SE-NCP, followed by the borderline cities (XY, SX and HA) and megacity (WH). The levels, sources, optical properties (i.e., σabs and absorption Ångström exponent, AAE) and geographic origins of eBC were different between clean and pollution episodes. Compared to clean days, the higher eBC levels (increased by 26.4–163%) and σabs (increased by 18.2–236%) were found during pollution episodes due to more combustion of fossil fuel (contributing for 51.1–277%), supported by the decreased AAE (by 7.40–12.7%). Non-parametric wind regression (NWR) and concentration-weighted trajectory (CWT) results showed that the geographic origins of biomass burning (BCbb) and fossil fuel (BCff) combustion derived BC were different. Based on cluster analysis of trajectories, air parcels from south direction dominated for border sites during clean days, with contributions of 46.0–58.2%, while trajectories from the northeast had higher contributions (37.5–51.2%) during pollution episodes. At the SE-NCP site (LH), transboundary influences from south direction (CC) exhibited more frequent impact (with the air parcels from this direction contributed 47.8% of all the parcels) on the ambient eBC levels during pollution episodes. At WH, eBC was mainly from the northeast transport route during the whole observation period. Two transportation cases showed that from upwind to downwind direction, the mass concentrations of eBC, BCbb and BCff all increased, while AAE decreased. This study highlighted that intra-regional prevention and control for dominated sources of specific sites should be considered to improve the regional air quality.

Huang Zheng et al.
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This study simultaneously observed the black carbon at five sites in the Central China and the south edge of North China Plain, which had the serious air pollution in China. The differences of BC properties between different air quality and the properties change during the transportation were studied. The main findings of this study was that during the transportation of air from upwind to downwind direction, BC mass concentration increased, while the absorption Ångström exponent decreased.
This study simultaneously observed the black carbon at five sites in the Central China and the...
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