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Discussion papers
https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-2018-971
© Author(s) 2018. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.
https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-2018-971
© Author(s) 2018. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Research article 03 Dec 2018

Research article | 03 Dec 2018

Review status
This discussion paper is a preprint. It is a manuscript under review for the journal Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics (ACP).

Transport of aerosols over the French Riviera – Link between ground- based lidar and spaceborne observations

Patrick Chazette1, Julien Totems1, and Xiaoxia Shanga Patrick Chazette et al.
  • 1Laboratoire des Sciences du Climat et de l'Environnement (LSCE), CEA-CNRS-UVSQ, UMR 8212, Gif-sur-Yvette, France
  • anow at: Finnish Meteorological Institute, P.O. Box 1627, 70211, Kuopio, Finland

Abstract. For the first time, a backscatter N2-Raman lidar has been deployed on the western part of the French Riviera to investigate the vertical aerosol structure in the troposphere. This lidar system, based at the AERONET site of Toulon-La Garde, performed continuous measurements from 24 June to 17 July 2014, within the framework of the multidisciplinary programme Mediterranean Integrated Studies at the Regional and Local Scales (MISTRALS). By coupling these observations with those of the spaceborne instruments Cloud-Aerosol LIdar with Orthogonal Polarization (CALIOP), Spinning Enhanced Visible and InfraRed Imager (SEVIRI) and Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometers (MODIS), the spatial extents of the aerosol structures are investigated. The origins of the aerosol plumes are determined using back trajectories computed by the Hybrid Single Particle Lagrangian Integrated Trajectory (HYSPLIT). This synergy allowed to highlight plumes of particulate pollutants moving in the low and medium free troposphere (up to ~5km above the mean sea level) towards the French Riviera. This pollution originates from the Spanish coast, and more particularly from Costa Blanca (including Murcia) and Costa Brava/Costa Daurada (including Barcelona). It is mainly due to traffic, but also to petrochemical activities in these two regions. Desert aerosol plumes were also sampled by the lidar. The sources of desert aerosols have been identified as the Grand Erg Occidental and Grand Erg Oriental. During desert dust events, we highlight significant differences in the optical characteristics, in terms of backscatter to extinction ratio (BER, inverse of the lidar ratio), between the planetary boundary layer, with 0.024sr−1 (~42sr), and the free troposphere, with 0.031sr−1 (~32sr). These differences are greatly reduced in the case of pollution aerosol plumes transport in the free troposphere (i.e. 0.021 and 0.025sr−1). Transported pollution aerosols appear as having similar BER to what is emitted locally. Moreover, using the correlation matrix between lidar aerosol extinction profiles as a function of altitude, we find that during transport events in the low free troposphere, aerosols may be transferred into the planetary boundary layer. We note also that the relative humidity, which is generally higher in the planetary boundary layer (>80%), is found to have no significant effect on the BER.

Patrick Chazette et al.
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Using a backscatter N2-Raman lidar deployed on the western part of the French Riviera, we investigate the vertical aerosol structure below 5 km. By coupling these observations with spaceborne instruments and trajectory modeling, we highlight plumes of particulate pollutants moving towards the French Riviera. This pollution, mainly due to traffic and petrochemical activities, originates from the Spanish coast (Costa Blanca and costa Brava/Daurada) and mixes with local emissions.
Using a backscatter N2-Raman lidar deployed on the western part of the French Riviera, we...
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