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Discussion papers
https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-2018-922
© Author(s) 2018. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.
https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-2018-922
© Author(s) 2018. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Research article 15 Oct 2018

Research article | 15 Oct 2018

Review status
This discussion paper is a preprint. It is a manuscript under review for the journal Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics (ACP).

Introduction to Special Issue – In-depth study of air pollution sources and processes within Beijing and its surrounding region (APHH-Beijing)

Zongbo Shi1,2, Tuan Vu1, Simone Kotthaus3,4, Sue Grimmond3, Roy M. Harrison1,a, Siyao Yue5, Tong Zhu6, James Lee7,8, Yiqun Han6,9, Matthias Demuzere10, Rachel E. Dunmore7, Lujie Ren2,5, Di Liu1, Yuanlin Wang5,11, Oliver Wild11, James Allan12,13, Janet Barlow3, David Beddows1, William J. Bloss1, David Carruthers14, David C. Carslaw7,15, Lia Chatzidiakou16, Leigh Crilley1, Hugh Coe12, Tie Dai5, Ruth Doherty17, Fengkui Duan18, Pingqing Fu2,5, Baozhu Ge5, Maofa Ge19, Daobo Guan20, Jacqueline F. Hamilton7, Kebin He18, Mathew Heal17, Dwayne Heard21, C. Nicholas Hewitt11, Min Hu6, Dongsheng Ji5, Xujiang Jiang18, Rod Jones16, Markus Kalberer16,b, Frank J. Kelly9, Louisa Kramer1, Ben Langford22, Chun Lin17, Alastair C. Lewis7, Jie Li5, Weijun Li23, Huan Liu18, Miranda Loh24, Keding Lu6, Graham Mann25, Gordon McFiggans12, Mark Miller26, Graham Mills27, Paul Monk28, Eiko Nemitz22, Fionna O'Connor29, Bin Ouyang11,16, Paul I. Palmer17, Carl Percival12,c, Olalekan Popoola16, Claire Reeves27, Andrew R. Rickard7,8, Longyi Shao30, Guangyu Shi5, Dominick Spracklen25, David Stevenson17, Yele Sun5, Zhiwei Sun31, Shu Tao32, Shengrui Tong19, Qingqing Wang5, Wenhua Wang30, Xinming Wang33, Zifang Wang5, Lisa Whalley21, Xuefang Wu1, Zhijun Wu6, Pinhua Xie34, Fumo Yang35, Qiang Zhang36, Yanli Zhang33, Yuanhang Zhang6, and Mei Zheng6 Zongbo Shi et al.
  • 1School of Geography Earth and Environmental Sciences, University of Birmingham, UK
  • 2Institute of Surface Earth System Science, Tianjin University, China
  • 3Department of Meteorology, University of Reading, UK
  • 4Institut Pierre Simon Laplace, Ecole Polytechnique, France
  • 5Institute of Atmospheric Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China
  • 6College of Environmental Sciences and Engineering, Peking University, Beijing, China
  • 7Wolfson Atmospheric Chemistry Laboratories, Department of Chemistry, University of York, York, UK
  • 8National Centre for Atmospheric Science, University of York, York, UK
  • 9Analytical & Environmental Sciences Division, King's College London, London, UK
  • 10Laboratory of Hydrology and Water Management, Ghent University, Coupure Links 653, 9000 Ghent, Belgium
  • 11Lancaster Environment Centre, Lancaster University, Lancaster, UK
  • 12School of Earth and Environmental Sciences, The University of Manchester, Manchester, UK
  • 13National Centre for Atmospheric Science, The University of Manchester, Manchester, UK
  • 14Cambridge Environmental Research Consultants, Cambridge UK
  • 15Ricardo Energy & Environment, Harwell, Oxfordshire, UK
  • 16Department of Chemistry, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, UK
  • 17School of Geosciences, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, UK
  • 18School of Environment, Tsinghua University, Beijing China
  • 19Institute of Chemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China
  • 20School of International Devel opment, University of East Anglia, Norwich, UK
  • 21Department of Chemistry, University of Leeds, Leeds, UK
  • 22Centre for Ecology & Hydrology, Penicuik, UK
  • 23School of Earth Sciences, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, China
  • 24Institute of Occupational Medicine (IOM), Edinburgh, UK
  • 25School of Earth and Environment, University of Leeds, Leeds, UK
  • 26Centre for Cardiovascular Science, Queen's Medical Research Institute, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, UK
  • 27School of Enviro nmental Studies, University of East Anglia, Norwich, UK
  • 28Department of Chemistry, University of Leicester, Leicester, UK
  • 29Hadley Centre, Met Office, Reading, UK
  • 30State Key Laboratory of Coal Resources and Safe Mining & College of Geosciences and Surveying Engineering, China University of Mining and Technology, Beijing, China
  • 31School of Public Health, Capital Medical University, Beijing, China
  • 32College of Urban and Environmental Sciences, Peking University, Beijing, China
  • 33Guangzhou Institute of Geochemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Guangzhou, China
  • 34Anhui Institute of Optics and Fine optics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Hefei, China
  • 35Department of Environmental Science and Engineering, College of Architecture and Environment, Sichun University, Chengdu, China
  • 36Department of Earth System Science, Tsinghua University, Beijing, China
  • aalso at: Department of Environmental Sciences/Center of Excellence in Environmental Studies, King Abdulaziz University, P.O. Box 80203, Jeddah, 21589, Saudi Arabia
  • bnow at: University of Basel, Department of Environmental Sciences, Klingelbergstrasse 27, 4056 Basel, Switzerland
  • cnow at: Jet Propulsion Laboratory, 4800 Oak Grove Drive, Pasadena, CA 91109, USA

Abstract. APHH-Beijing (Atmospheric Pollution and Human Health in a Chinese Megacity) is an international collaborative project to examine the emissions, processes and health effects of air pollution in Beijing. The four research themes of APHH-China are: (1) sources and emissions of urban atmospheric pollution; (2) processes affecting urban atmospheric pollution; (3) exposure science and impacts on health; and (4) interventions and solutions to reduce health impacts. Themes 1 and 2 are closely integrated and support Theme 3, while Themes 1–3 provide scientific data for Theme 4 on the development of cost-effective solutions. A key activity within APHH-Beijing was the two month-long intensive field campaigns at two sites: (i) central Beijing, and (ii) rural Pinggu. The coordinated campaigns provided observations of the atmospheric chemistry and physics in and around Beijing during November–December 2016 and May–June 2017. The campaigns were complemented by numerical air quality modelling and air quality and meteorology data at the 12 national monitoring stations in Beijing. This introduction paper provides an overview of (i) APHH-Beijing programme, (ii) the measurement and modelling activities performed as part of it in Beijing, and (iii) the air quality and meteorological conditions during the two field campaigns. The winter campaign was characterized by high PM2.5 pollution events whereas the summer experienced high ozone pollution events. Air quality was poor during the winter campaign, but less severe than in the same period in 2015 when there were a number of major pollution episodes. PM2.5 levels were relatively low during the summer period, matching the cleanest periods over the previous five years. Synoptic scale meteorological analysis suggests that the greater stagnation and weak southerly circulation in November/December 2016 may have contributed to the poor air quality.

Zongbo Shi et al.
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APHH-Beijing is a collaborative international research programme to study the sources, emissions, processes, health effects and mitigation solutions of atmospheric pollution in Beijing. This introduction paper provides an overview of (i) APHH-Beijing programme, (ii) the measurement and modelling activities performed as part of it in Beijing, and (iii) the air quality and meteorological conditions during the two intensive field campaigns as a key part of APHH-Beijing.
APHH-Beijing is a collaborative international research programme to study the sources,...
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