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Discussion papers | Copyright
https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-2018-733
© Author(s) 2018. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Research article 03 Aug 2018

Research article | 03 Aug 2018

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This discussion paper is a preprint. It is a manuscript under review for the journal Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics (ACP).

Interactions between the atmosphere, cryosphere and ecosystems at northern high latitudes

Michael Boy1, Erik S. Thomson2, Juan-C. Acosta Navarro3, Olafur Arnalds4, Ekaterina Batchvarova5,6, Jaana Bäck7, Frank Berninger7, Merete Bilde8, Pavla Dagsson-Waldhauserova4,9,10, Dimitri Castarède2, Maryam Dalirian11, Gerrit de Leeuw12, Monika Dragosics13, Ella-Maria Duplissy1, Jonathan Duplissy1, Annica M. L. Ekman14, Keyan Fang15, Jean-Charles Gallet16, Marianne Glasius8, Sven-Erik Gryning5, Henrik Grythe11,17, Hans-Christen Hansson11, Margareta Hansson18, Elisabeth Isaksson16, Trond Iversen19, Ingibjorg Jonsdottir13, Ville Kasurinen1,7, Alf Kirkevåg19, Atte Korhola20, Radovan Krejci11, Jon Egill Kristjansson21,†, Hanna K. Lappalainen1,12,22, Antti Lauri1, Matti Leppäranta1, Heikki Lihavainen12, Risto Makkonen1,12, Andreas Massling23, Outi Meinander12, E. Douglas Nilsson11, Haraldur Olafsson9,24, Jan B. C. Pettersson2, Nønne L. Prisle25, Ilona Riipinen11, Pontus Roldin26, Meri Ruppel20, Matthew Salter11, Maria Sand27, Øyvind Seland19, Heikki Seppä28, Henrik Skov23, Joana Soares12,29, Andreas Stohl17, Johan Ström11, Jonas Svensson12, Erik Swietlicki26, Ksenia Tabakova1, Throstur Thorsteinsson13,30, Aki Virkkula1,12, Gesa A. Weyhenmeyer31, Yusheng Wu1, Paul Zieger11, and Markku Kulmala1 Michael Boy et al.
  • 1Institute for Atmospheric and Earth System Research / Physics, University of Helsinki, P.O. Box 64, 00014 Helsinki, Finland
  • 2Department of Chemistry and Molecular Biology, Atmospheric Science, University of Gothenburg, 41296 Gothenburg, Sweden
  • 3Earth Science Department Barcelona Supercomputing Center (BSC), Barcelona, Spain
  • 4Agricultural University of Iceland, Faculty of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences, Hvanneyri, Iceland
  • 5DTU Wind Energy, Technical University of Denmark, Risø Campus, Roskilde, Denmark
  • 6Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, National Institute of Meteorology and Hydrology, Sofia, Bulgaria
  • 7Institute for Atmospheric and Earth System Research/Forest, University of Helsinki, P.O. Box 27, 00014 Helsinki, Finland
  • 8Department of Chemistry, Aarhus University, Langelandsgade 140, DK-8000 Aarhus C, Denmark
  • 9University of Iceland, Department of Physical Sciences, Reykjavik, Iceland
  • 10Faculty of Environmental Sciences, Czech University of Life Sciences Prague, Czech Republic
  • 11Department of Environmental Science and Analytical Chemistry, Stockholm University, S-10691 Stockholm, Sweden
  • 12Finnish Meteorological Institute, Climate Research Programme, Helsinki, Finland
  • 13University of Iceland, Institute of Earth Sciences, Reykjavik, Iceland
  • 14Department of Meteorology and Bolin Centre for Climate Research, Stockholm University, Sweden
  • 15Institute of Geography, Key Laboratory of Humid Subtropical Eco-geographical Process, Fujian Normal University, China
  • 16Norwegian Polar Institute, FRAM – High North Research Centre on Climate and the Environment, N-9296 Tromsø, Norway
  • 17NILU – Norwegian Institute for Air Research, Kjeller, Norway
  • 18Department of Physical Geography, Stockholm University, S-10691 Stockholm, Sweden
  • 19Norwegian Meteorological Institute, Oslo, Norway
  • 20University of Helsinki, Environmental Change Research Unit (ECRU), Ecosystems and Environment Research Programme, Faculty of Biological and Environmental Sciences, P.O. Box 65, 00014 University of Helsinki, Finland
  • 21Department of Geosciences, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway
  • 22Tyumen State University, Department of Gryosphere, 625003 Tyumen, Russia
  • 23Aarhus University, Arctic Research Center, Climate, Department of Environmental Science, Arctic Research Centre, Frederiksborgvej 399, 4000 Roskilde, Denmark
  • 24Icelandic Meteorological Office, Reykjavik, Iceland
  • 25University of Oulu, Nano and Molecular Systems Research Unit, P.O. Box 3000, 90014, University of Oulu, Oulu, Finland
  • 26Lund University, Department of Physics, Division of Nuclear Physics, P.O. Box 118, 221 00, Sweden
  • 27Center for International Climate and Energy Research – Oslo (CICERO), Oslo, Norway
  • 28Department of Geosciences and Geography, University of Helsinki, Finland
  • 29Air Quality Research Division, Environment and Climate Change Canada, Toronto, M3H 5T4, Canada
  • 30University of Iceland, Environment and Natural Resources, Reykjavik, Iceland
  • 31Department of Ecology and Genetics/Limnology, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden
  • deceased, August 2016

Abstract. The Nordic Centre of Excellence CRAICC (CRyosphere-Atmosphere Interactions in a Changing Arctic Climate), funded by NordForsk in the years 2011–2016, was the largest joint Nordic research and innovation initiative to date, aiming to strengthen research and innovation regarding climate change issues in the Nordic Region. CRAICC gathered more than 100 scientists from all Nordic countries in a virtual Centre with the objectives to identify and quantify the major processes controlling Arctic warming and related feedback mechanisms, to outline strategies to mitigate Arctic warming and to develop Nordic Earth System modelling with a focus on the short-lived climate forcers (SLCF), including natural and anthropogenic aerosols.

The outcome of CRAICC is reflected in more than 150 peer-reviewed scientific publications, most of which are in the CRAICC special-issue of the journal Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics. This manuscript presents an overview on the main scientific topics investigated in the Centre and provides the reader a state-of-the-art comprehensive summary of what has been achieved in CRAICC with links to the particular publications for further detail. Facing the vast amount of outcomes we are not claiming to cover all results from CRAICC in this manuscript but concentrate here on the main results which are related to the feedback loops in the climate change-cryosphere interaction scheme affecting the Arctic amplification.

Michael Boy et al.
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Michael Boy et al.
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The Nordic Centre of Excellence CRAICC (CRyosphere-Atmosphere Interactions in a Changing Arctic Climate), funded by NordForsk in the years 2011–16, was the largest joint Nordic research and innovation initiative to date, aiming to strengthen research and innovation regarding climate change issues in the Nordic Region. The manuscript presents an overview on the main scientific topics investigated and provides the reader a state-of-the-art comprehensive summary of what has been achieved in CRAICC.
The Nordic Centre of Excellence CRAICC (CRyosphere-Atmosphere Interactions in a Changing Arctic...
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