Journal cover Journal topic
Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics An interactive open-access journal of the European Geosciences Union
Journal topic

Journal metrics

Journal metrics

  • IF value: 5.509 IF 5.509
  • IF 5-year value: 5.689 IF 5-year 5.689
  • CiteScore value: 5.44 CiteScore 5.44
  • SNIP value: 1.519 SNIP 1.519
  • SJR value: 3.032 SJR 3.032
  • IPP value: 5.37 IPP 5.37
  • h5-index value: 86 h5-index 86
  • Scimago H index value: 161 Scimago H index 161
Discussion papers
https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-2018-1199
© Author(s) 2018. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.
https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-2018-1199
© Author(s) 2018. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Research article 05 Dec 2018

Research article | 05 Dec 2018

Review status
This discussion paper is a preprint. It is a manuscript under review for the journal Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics (ACP).

From ERA-Interim to ERA5: considerable impact of ECMWF's next-generation reanalysis on Lagrangian transport simulations

Lars Hoffmann1, Gebhard Günther2, Dan Li2,3, Olaf Stein1, Xue Wu1,3, Sabine Griessbach1, Yi Heng4, Paul Konopka2, Rolf Müller2, Bärbel Vogel2, and Jonathon S. Wright5 Lars Hoffmann et al.
  • 1Jülich Supercomputing Centre, Forschungszentrum Jülich, Jülich, Germany
  • 2Institut für Energie- und Klimaforschung (IEK-7), Forschungszentrum Jülich, Jülich, Germany
  • 3Key Laboratory of Middle Atmosphere and Global Environment Observation, Institute of Atmospheric Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China
  • 4School of Chemical Engineering and Technology, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou, China
  • 5Department of Earth System Science, Tsinghua University, Beijing, China

Abstract. The European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts' (ECMWF's) next-generation reanalysis ERA5 provides many improvements, but it also confronts the community with a big data challenge. Data storage requirements for ERA5 increase by a factor of ~80 compared with the ERA-Interim reanalysis, introduced a decade ago. Considering the significant increase in resources required for working with the new ERA5 data set, it is important to assess its impact on Lagrangian transport simulations. To quantify the differences between transport simulations using ERA5 and ERA-Interim data, we analyzed comprehensive global sets of 10-day forward trajectories for the free troposphere and the stratosphere for the year 2017. The new ERA5 data have considerable impact on the simulations. Spatial transport deviations between ERA5 and ERA-Interim trajectories are up to an order of magnitude larger than those caused by diffusion and subgrid-scale wind fluctuations after 1 day and still up to a factor of 2–3 larger after 10 days. Depending on the height range, the spatial differences between the trajectories map into deviations as large as 3K in temperature, 30% in specific humidity, 1.8% in potential temperature, and 50% in potential vorticity after 1 day. Part of the differences between ERA5 and ERA-Interim is attributed to better spatial and temporal resolution of the ERA5 reanalysis, allowing for a better representation of convective updrafts, gravity waves, tropical cyclones, and other meso- to synoptic scale features of the atmosphere. Another important finding is that ERA5 trajectories exhibit significantly improved conservation of potential temperature in the stratosphere, pointing to an improved consistency of ECMWF's forecast model and observations that leads to smaller data assimilation increments. We conducted a number of downsampling experiments with the ERA5 data, in which we reduced the numbers of meteorological time steps, vertical levels, and horizontal grid points. Significant differences remain present in the transport simulations, if we downsample the ERA5 data to a resolution similar to ERA-Interim. This points to substantial changes of the forecast model, observations, and assimilation system of ERA5 in addition to improved resolution. A comparison of two Lagrangian trajectory models allowed us to assess the readiness of the codes and workflows to handle the comprehensive ERA5 data and to demonstrate the consistency of the simulation results. Our results will help to guide future Lagrangian transport studies attempting to navigate the increased computational complexity and leverage the considerable benefits and improvements of ECMWF's new ERA5 data set.

Lars Hoffmann et al.
Interactive discussion
Status: open (until 30 Jan 2019)
Status: open (until 30 Jan 2019)
AC: Author comment | RC: Referee comment | SC: Short comment | EC: Editor comment
[Subscribe to comment alert] Printer-friendly Version - Printer-friendly version Supplement - Supplement
Lars Hoffmann et al.
Lars Hoffmann et al.
Viewed  
Total article views: 212 (including HTML, PDF, and XML)
HTML PDF XML Total BibTeX EndNote
157 52 3 212 3 3
  • HTML: 157
  • PDF: 52
  • XML: 3
  • Total: 212
  • BibTeX: 3
  • EndNote: 3
Views and downloads (calculated since 05 Dec 2018)
Cumulative views and downloads (calculated since 05 Dec 2018)
Viewed (geographical distribution)  
Total article views: 175 (including HTML, PDF, and XML) Thereof 175 with geography defined and 0 with unknown origin.
Country # Views %
  • 1
1
 
 
 
 
Cited  
Saved  
No saved metrics found.
Discussed  
No discussed metrics found.
Latest update: 13 Dec 2018
Publications Copernicus
Download
Short summary
ECMWF's new reanalysis ERA5 provides better resolution and improved representations of meso- and synoptic scale features of the atmosphere. Here, we assessed the impact of this challenging new data set on Lagrangian trajectory calculations for the free troposphere and stratosphere. Key findings are significant transport deviations between ERA5 and ERA-Interim products as well as significantly improved conservation of potential temperature in the stratosphere for ERA5.
ECMWF's new reanalysis ERA5 provides better resolution and improved representations of meso- and...
Citation
Share