Journal cover Journal topic
Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics An interactive open-access journal of the European Geosciences Union
Journal topic

Journal metrics

Journal metrics

  • IF value: 5.509 IF 5.509
  • IF 5-year value: 5.689 IF 5-year
  • CiteScore value: 5.44 CiteScore
  • SNIP value: 1.519 SNIP 1.519
  • SJR value: 3.032 SJR 3.032
  • IPP value: 5.37 IPP 5.37
  • h5-index value: 86 h5-index 86
  • Scimago H <br class='hide-on-tablet hide-on-mobile'>index value: 161 Scimago H
    index 161
Discussion papers
© Author(s) 2018. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.
© Author(s) 2018. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Research article 12 Dec 2018

Research article | 12 Dec 2018

Review status
This discussion paper is a preprint. A revision of the manuscript is under review for the journal Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics (ACP).

Vertical aerosol distribution in the Southern hemispheric Midlatitudes as observed with lidar at Punta Arenas, Chile (53.2° S and 70.9° W) during ALPACA

Andreas Foth1,2, Thomas Kanitz2,a, Ronny Engelmann2, Holger Baars2, Martin Radenz2, Patric Seifert2, Boris Barja3, Heike Kalesse1, and Albert Ansmann2 Andreas Foth et al.
  • 1Leipzig Institute of Meteorology, University of Leipzig, Germany
  • 2Leibniz Institute for Tropospheric Research, Leipzig, Germany
  • 3Atmospheric Research Laboratory, Magallanes University, Punta Arenas, Chile
  • anow at: European Space Agency, ESTEC, Noordwijk, the Netherlands

Abstract. Within this publication, lidar observations of the vertical aerosol distribution above Punta Arenas, Chile (53.2° S and 50.9° W) which have been performed with the Raman lidar PollyXT from December 2009 to April 2010 are presented. Pristine marine aerosol conditions related to the prevailing westerly circulation dominated the measurements. Lofted aerosol layers could only be observed eight times during the whole measurement period. Two case studies are presented showing long-range transport of smoke from biomass burning in Australia and regionally transported dust from the Patagonian Desert, respectively. The aerosol sources are identified by trajectory analyses with HYSPLIT and FLEXPART. However, seven of the eight analysed cases with lofted layers show an aerosol optical thickness of less than 0.05. From the lidar observations a mean planetary boundary layer (PBL) top height of 1150 ± 350 m was determined. An analysis of particle backscatter coefficients confirms that the majority of the aerosol is attributed to the PBL while the free troposphere is characterized by a very low background aerosol concentration. The ground-based lidar observations at 532 and 1064 nm are supplemented by the AERONET Sun photometers and the space-borne lidar CALIOP on board of CALIPSO. The averaged AOT determined by CALIOP was 0.02 ± 0.01 at Punta Arenas from 2009 to 2010.

Andreas Foth et al.
Interactive discussion
Status: final response (author comments only)
Status: final response (author comments only)
AC: Author comment | RC: Referee comment | SC: Short comment | EC: Editor comment
[Login for Authors/Co-Editors] [Subscribe to comment alert] Printer-friendly Version - Printer-friendly version Supplement - Supplement
Andreas Foth et al.
Data sets

V4.10 CALIPSO CALIOP 5 km aerosol profile product M. Vaughan, M. Pitts, C. Trepte, D. Winker, P. Detweiler, A. Garnier, B. Getzewitch, W. Hunt, J. Lambeth, K.-P. Lee, P. Lucker, T. Murray, S. Rodier, T. Trémas, A. Bazureau, and J. Pelon

Andreas Foth et al.
Total article views: 413 (including HTML, PDF, and XML)
HTML PDF XML Total BibTeX EndNote
343 68 2 413 1 4
  • HTML: 343
  • PDF: 68
  • XML: 2
  • Total: 413
  • BibTeX: 1
  • EndNote: 4
Views and downloads (calculated since 12 Dec 2018)
Cumulative views and downloads (calculated since 12 Dec 2018)
Viewed (geographical distribution)  
Total article views: 329 (including HTML, PDF, and XML) Thereof 329 with geography defined and 0 with unknown origin.
Country # Views %
  • 1
No saved metrics found.
Latest update: 25 Mar 2019
Publications Copernicus
Short summary
In this study, we present the vertical aerosol distribution in the pristine region of the southern tip of South America determined by ground-based and spaceborne lidar observation. Most aerosol load is contained within the planetary boundary layer up to about 1200 m. The free troposphere is characterized by a very low aerosol concentration but a frequent occurrence of clouds. Lofted aerosol layers were rarely observed and, when present, were characterized by very low optical thicknesses.
In this study, we present the vertical aerosol distribution in the pristine region of the...