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Discussion papers
https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-2018-1118
© Author(s) 2018. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.
https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-2018-1118
© Author(s) 2018. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Research article 19 Nov 2018

Research article | 19 Nov 2018

Review status
This discussion paper is a preprint. It is a manuscript under review for the journal Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics (ACP).

Water adsorption and hygroscopic growth of six anemophilous pollen species: the effect of temperature

Mingjin Tang1,5,6, Wenjun Gu1,5, Qingxin Ma2,5,6, Yong Jie Li3, Cheng Zhong2,5, Sheng Li1,5, Xin Yin1,5, Ru-Jin Huang4, Hong He2,5,6, and Xinming Wang1,5,6 Mingjin Tang et al.
  • 1State Key Laboratory of Organic Geochemistry and Guangdong Key Laboratory of Environmental Protection and Resources Utilization, Guangzhou Institute of Geochemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Guangzhou 510640, China
  • 2State Key Joint Laboratory of Environment Simulation and Pollution Control, Research Center for Eco-Environmental Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100085, China
  • 3Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Faculty of Science and Technology, University of Macau, Avenida da Universidade, Taipa, Macau, China
  • 4Key Laboratory of Aerosol Chemistry and Physics, State Key Laboratory of Loess and Quaternary Geology, Institute of Earth and Environment, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Xi'an 710061, China
  • 5University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
  • 6Center for Excellence in Regional Atmospheric Environment, Institute of Urban Environment, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Xiamen 361021, China

Abstract. Hygroscopicity largely affects environmental and climatic impacts of pollen grains, one important type of primary biological aerosol particles in the troposphere. However, our knowledge in pollen hygroscopicity is rather limited, and especially the effect of temperature has rarely been explored before. In this work three different techniques, including a vapor sorption analyzer, diffusion reflectance infrared Fourier transform spectroscopy (DRIFTS) and transmission Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (transmission FTIR) were employed to characterize six anemophilous pollen species and to investigate their hygroscopic properties as a function of relative humidity (RH, up to 95%) and temperature (5 or 15, 25 and 37°C). Substantial mass increase due to water uptake was observed for all the six pollen species, and at 25°C the relative mass increase at 90% RH, when compared to that at <1% RH, ranged from ~30 to ~50%, varying with pollen species. The modified κ-Köhler theory can well approximate the mass hygroscopic growth of all the six pollen species, and the single hygroscopicity parameter (κ) was determined to be in the range of 0.034±0.001 to 0.061±0.007 at 25°C. In-situ DRIFTS measurements suggested that water adsorption by pollen species was mainly contributed by OH groups of organic compounds they contained. Good correlations were indeed found between hygroscopicity of pollen grains and the amount of OH groups, as determined using transmission FTIR. Increase in temperature would in general lead to decrease in hygroscopicity, except for pecan pollen. For example, κ values decreased from 0.073±0.006 at 5°C to 0.061±0.007 at 25°C and to 0.057±0.004 at 37°C for populus tremuloides pollen, and decreased from 0.060±0.001 at 15°C to 0.054±0.001 at 25°C to 0.050±0.002 at 37°C for paper mulberry pollen.

Mingjin Tang et al.
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