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Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics An interactive open-access journal of the European Geosciences Union
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Discussion papers | Copyright
https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-2017-890
© Author(s) 2017. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Research article 01 Dec 2017

Research article | 01 Dec 2017

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This discussion paper is a preprint. It has been under review for the journal Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics (ACP). The revised manuscript was not accepted.

Estimations of anthropogenic dust emissions at global scale from 2007 to 2010

Siyu Chen1, Jianping Huang1, Nanxuan Jiang1, Zhou Zang1, Xiaodan Guan1, Xiaojun Ma1, Zhuo Jia2,3, Xiaorui Zhang1, Yanting Zhang1, Kangning Huang4, Xiaocong Xu5, Guolong Zhang1, Jiming Li1, Ran Yang1, and Shujie Liao1 Siyu Chen et al.
  • 1Key Laboratory for Semi-Arid Climate Change of the Ministry of Education, Lanzhou University, Lanzhou, 730000, China
  • 2College of Earth and Environmental Sciences, Lanzhou University, Lanzhou, 730000, China
  • 3Key Laboratory of Western China's Environmental Systems (Ministry of Education), College of Earth and Environmental Sciences, Lanzhou University, Lanzhou, 730000, China
  • 4Yale School of Forestry and Environmental Studies, Yale University, New Haven, CT 06511, USA
  • 5School of Geography and Planning, and Guangdong Key Laboratory for Urbanization and Geo-simulation, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou, 510275, China

Abstract. Dust emissions refer to the spatial displacement of dust particles from wind forcing, which is a key component of dust circulation. It plays an important role in the energy, hydrological, and carbon cycles of the Earth's systems. However, most dust emission schemes only consider natural dust, neglecting anthropogenic dust induced by human activities, which led to large uncertainties in quantitative estimations of dust emissions in numerical modeling. To fully consider the mechanisms of anthropogenic dust emissions, both indirect and direct anthropogenic dust emission schemes were constructed and developed in the study. Cloud-Aerosol Lidar and Infrared Pathfinder Satellite Observations (CALIPSO) retrievals were used to constrain the simulations at global scale. The results showed that the schemes reasonably reproduced the spatio-temporal distributions of anthropogenic dust from 2007 to 2010. The high centers of anthropogenic dust emission flux appeared in India, eastern China, North America, and Africa range from 0.9 to 11μgm−2s−1. Compared with natural dust emissions, indirect anthropogenic dust emissions have indistinctive seasonal variation, with differences less than 3.2μgm−2s−1. Pasturelands contribute higher anthropogenic dust emissions than croplands, with emissions of approximately 6.8μgm−2s−1, accounting for 60% of indirect anthropogenic dust emissions. Moreover, average anthropogenic dust emissions in urban areas have a value of 13.5μgm−2s−1, which is higher than those in rural areas (7.9μgm−2s−1). This study demonstrates that the environmental problems caused by anthropogenic dust in urban areas cannot be ignored.

Siyu Chen et al.
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Siyu Chen et al.
Siyu Chen et al.
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