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Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics An interactive open-access journal of the European Geosciences Union
© Author(s) 2017. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.
Research article
13 Sep 2017
Review status
This discussion paper is a preprint. A revision of this manuscript was accepted for the journal Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics (ACP) and is expected to appear here in due course.
Total ozone trends from 1979 to 2016 derived from five merged observational datasets – the emergence into ozone recovery
Mark Weber1, Melanie Coldewey-Egbers2, Vitali E. Fioletov3, Stacey M. Frith4, Jeannette D. Wild5,6, John P. Burrows1, Craig S. Long5, and Diego Loyola2 1University of Bremen, Bremen, Germany
2German Aerospace Center (DLR), Oberpfaffenhofen, Germany
3Environment and Climate Change Canada, Toronto, Canada
4NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD, USA
5NOAA/NCEP Climate Prediction Center, College Park, MD, USA
6INNOVIM, Greenbelt, MD, USA
Abstract. We report on updated trends using different merged datasets from satellite and groundbased observations for the time period 1979 until 2016. Trends were determined by application of a multiple linear regression (MLR) to annual mean zonal mean data. Merged datasets used are NASA MOD V8.6 and NOAA MERGE V8.6, both based upon data from the series of SBUV and SBUV-2 satellite instruments (1978–present) and the GTO (GOME-type Total Ozone) and GSG (GOME-SCIAMACHY-GOME2) merged datasets (1995–present) that are mainly composed of satellite data from GOME, SCIAMACHY, and GOME-2A. The fifth dataset are the monthly mean zonal mean data from ground data collected at WOUDC (World Ozone and UV Data Center). The addition of four more years of data since the last WMO Ozone Assessment (2013–2016) show that for most datasets and regions the trends since the stratospheric halogens reached maximum (~ 1996 globally and ~ 2000 in polar regions) are mostly not significantly different from zero. However, for some latitudes, in particular the southern hemisphere extratropics and northern hemisphere subtropics, several datasets show small positive trends of slightly below +1 %/decade that are barely statistically significant at the 2σ uncertainty level. In the tropics only two datasets show significant trends of +0.5 to +0.8 %/decade}, while the other show near zero trends. Positive trends since 2000 are observed over Antarctic in September, but near zero trends in October as well as in March over the Arctic. Since uncertainties due to possible drifts between the datasets as well as from the merging procedure used in the satellite datasets or due to the low sampling of ground data are not accounted for, the retrieved trends can be only considered being at the brink of becoming significant, but there are indications that we are about to emerge into the expected recovery phase. Nevertheless, the recent trends are still considerably masked by the observed large year-to-year variability in total ozone.

Citation: Weber, M., Coldewey-Egbers, M., Fioletov, V. E., Frith, S. M., Wild, J. D., Burrows, J. P., Long, C. S., and Loyola, D.: Total ozone trends from 1979 to 2016 derived from five merged observational datasets – the emergence into ozone recovery, Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss.,, in review, 2017.
Mark Weber et al.
Interactive discussionStatus: closed
AC: Author comment | RC: Referee comment | SC: Short comment | EC: Editor comment
Printer-friendly Version - Printer-friendly version      Supplement - Supplement
RC1: 'Review of the paper by Weber et al.', Anonymous Referee #1, 21 Oct 2017 Printer-friendly Version 
RC2: 'Review for acp-2017-853', Anonymous Referee #2, 30 Oct 2017 Printer-friendly Version 
AC1: 'Replies to Reviewer's #1 and #2', Mark Weber, 08 Jan 2018 Printer-friendly Version Supplement 
Mark Weber et al.
Mark Weber et al.


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Latest update: 15 Jan 2018
Publications Copernicus
Short summary
This paper commemorates the 30 year anniversary of the initial signing of the Montreal Protocol (MP) on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer. The MP is so far successful in reducing ozone depleting substances and total ozone decline was successfully stopped by the late 1990s. Total ozone levels have been mostly stable since then. In some regions barely significant upward trends are observed that suggest an emergence into the expected ozone recovery phase.
This paper commemorates the 30 year anniversary of the initial signing of the Montreal Protocol...