Journal cover Journal topic
Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics An interactive open-access journal of the European Geosciences Union
© Author(s) 2018. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.
Research article
26 Jan 2018
Review status
This discussion paper is a preprint. A revision of the manuscript is under review for the journal Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics (ACP).
Contributions of residential coal combustion to the air quality in Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei (BTH), China: A case study
Xia Li1,3, Jiarui Wu1, Miriam Elser2, Junji Cao1, Tian Feng1, Imad El-Haddad2, Rujin Huang1, Xuexi Tie2, André S. H. Prévôt3, and Guohui Li2 1Key Lab of Aerosol Chemistry and Physics, SKLLQG, Institute of Earth Environment, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Xi'an, China
2Laboratory of Atmospheric Chemistry, Paul Scherrer Institute, 5232 Villigen, Switzerland
3University of Chinese Academy of Science, Beijing, China
Abstract. In the present study, the WRF-CHEM model is used to evaluate contributions of the residential coal combustion (RCC) emission to the air quality in Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei (BTH) during persistent air pollution episodes from 9 to 25 January 2014. In general, the predicted temporal variations and spatial distributions of the air pollutants mass concentrations are in good agreement with observations at monitoring sites in BTH. The WRF-CHEM model also reasonably well reproduces the temporal variations of aerosol species compared with the AMS measurements in Beijing. The RCC emission plays an important role in the haze formation in BTH, contributing about 23.1 % of PM2.5 (fine particulate matter) and 42.6 % of SO2 during the simulation period on average. Organic aerosols dominate PM2.5 from the RCC emission, with a contribution of 42.8 %, followed by sulfate (17.1 %). The air quality in Beijing is remarkably improved when the RCC emission in BTH and its surrounding areas is excluded in simulations, with a 30 % decrease of PM2.5 concentrations. However, when only the RCC emission in Beijing is excluded, the Beijing's PM2.5 level is decreased by 18.0 % on average. Our results suggest that implementation of the residential coal replacement by clean energy sources in Beijing is beneficial to the Beijing's air quality, but is not expected to bring back the blue sky to Beijing. Should the residential coal replacement be carried out in BTH and its surrounding areas, the air quality in Beijing would be improved remarkably. Further studies need be conducted considering the uncertainties in the emission inventory and meteorological fields.
Citation: Li, X., Wu, J., Elser, M., Cao, J., Feng, T., El-Haddad, I., Huang, R., Tie, X., Prévôt, A. S. H., and Li, G.: Contributions of residential coal combustion to the air quality in Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei (BTH), China: A case study, Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss.,, in review, 2018.
Xia Li et al.
Xia Li et al.
Xia Li et al.


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