Journal cover Journal topic
Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics An interactive open-access journal of the European Geosciences Union
© Author(s) 2018. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.
Research article
12 Jan 2018
Review status
This discussion paper is a preprint. It is a manuscript under review for the journal Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics (ACP).
High Summertime Aerosol Organic Functional Group Concentrations from Marine and Seabird Sources at Ross Island, Antarctica, during AWARE
Jun Liu1, Jeramy Dedrick1,a, Lynn M. Russell1, Gunnar I. Senum2, Janek Uin2, Chongai Kuang2, Stephen R. Springston2, W. Richard Leaitch3, Allison C. Aiken4, and Dan Lubin1 1Scripps Institution of Oceanography, University of California, San Diego, 9500 Gilman Drive, La Jolla, CA 92093, USA
2Environmental & Climate Sciences Department, Brookhaven National Laboratory, Building 815-E, Upton, NY 11973-5000, USA
3Environment and Climate Change Canada (ECCC), Toronto, ON, Canada
4Earth and Environmental Science, Earth Systems Observations, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico, USA
anow at: Texas A&M University, 400 Bizzell St, College Station, TX 77843, USA
Abstract. From November 2015 to December 2016, the ARM West Antarctic Radiation Experiment (AWARE) measured submicron aerosol properties near McMurdo Station at the southern tip of the Ross Island. Submicron organic mass (OM), particle number, and cloud condensation nuclei concentrations were higher in summer than other seasons. The measurements included a range of compositions and concentrations that likely reflected both local anthropogenic emissions and natural background sources. We isolated the natural organic components by separating a natural factor and a local combustion factor. The natural OM was 150 times higher in summer than in winter. The local anthropogenic emissions were not hygroscopic and had little contribution to the CCN concentrations. Natural sources that included marine sea spray and seabird emissions contributed 56 % of OM in the austral summer but only 3 % in the austral winter. The natural OM had high hydroxyl group fraction (55 %), 6 % alkane, and 6 % amine group mass, consistent with marine organic composition. In addition, the Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectra showed the natural sources of organic aerosol were characterized by amide group absorption, which may be from seabird populations. Carboxylic acid group contributions from natural sources were correlated to incoming solar radiation, indicating that some OM formed by secondary pathways.
Citation: Liu, J., Dedrick, J., Russell, L. M., Senum, G. I., Uin, J., Kuang, C., Springston, S. R., Leaitch, W. R., Aiken, A. C., and Lubin, D.: High Summertime Aerosol Organic Functional Group Concentrations from Marine and Seabird Sources at Ross Island, Antarctica, during AWARE, Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss.,, in review, 2018.
Jun Liu et al.
Jun Liu et al.


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