Journal cover Journal topic
Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics An interactive open-access journal of the European Geosciences Union
© Author(s) 2018. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.
Research article
03 Jan 2018
Review status
This discussion paper is a preprint. It is a manuscript under review for the journal Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics (ACP).
Multi-model study of HTAP II on sulphur and nitrogen deposition
Jiani Tan1, Joshua S. Fu1, Frank Dentener2, Jian Sun1, Louisa Emmons3, Simone Tilmes3, Kengo Sudo4, Johannes Flemming5, Jan Eiof Jonson6, Sylvie Gravel7, Huisheng Bian8, Daven Henze9, Marianne T. Lund10, Tom Kucsera8, Toshihiko Takemura11, and Terry Keating12 1Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, University of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN, USA
2European Commission, Institute for Environment and Sustainability Joint Research Centre, Ispra, Italy
3Atmospheric Chemistry Observations and Modeling Laboratory, National Center for Atmospheric Research, Boulder, Colorado, USA
4Nagoya University, Furo-cho, Chikusa-ku, Nagoya, Japan
5European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts, Reading, UK
6Norwegian Meteorological Institute, Oslo, Norway
7Meteorological Research Branch, Meteorological Service of Canada, Toronto, Canada
8National Aeronautics and Space Administration Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD, USA
9Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Colorado, Boulder, CO, USA
10CICERO Center for International Climate Research, Oslo, Norway
11Research Institute for Applied Mechanics, Kyushu University, Fukuoka, Japan
12US Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, DC , USA
Abstract. This study uses multi-model ensemble results of 11 models from the 2nd phase of Task Force Hemispheric Transport of Air Pollution (HTAP II) to calculate the global sulfur (S) and nitrogen (N) deposition in 2010. Modelled wet deposition is evaluated with observation networks in North America, Europe and Asia. The modelled results agree well with observations, with 76–83 % of stations having predicted within ±50 % of observations. The results underestimate SO42−, NO3 and NH4+ wet depositions in some European and East Asian stations, but overestimate NO3 wet deposition in Eastern United States. Inter-comparison with previous projects (PhotoComp, ACCMIP and HTAP I) shows HTPA II has considerably improved the estimation of deposition at European and East Asian stations. Modelled dry deposition is generally higher than the “inferential” data calculated by observed concentration and modelled velocity in North America, but the inferential data has high uncertainty, too. The global S deposition is 84 Tg(S) in 2010, with 49 % of the deposits on continental regions and 51 % on ocean (19 % on coastal). The global N deposition consists of 59 Tg(N) oxidized nitrogen (NOy) deposition and 64 Tg(N) reduced nitrogen (NHx) deposition in 2010. 65 % of N is deposited on the continental regions and 35 % is on ocean (15 % on coastal). The estimated outflow of pollution from land to ocean is about 4 Tg(S) for S deposition and 18 Tg(N) for N deposition. Compared our results to the results in 2001 from HTAP I, we find that the global distributions of S and N depositions have changed considerably during the last 10 years. The global S deposition decreases 2 Tg(S) (3 %) from 2001 to 2010, with significant decreases in Europe (5 Tg(S) and 55 %), North America (3 Tg(S) and 29 %) and Russia (2 Tg(S) and 26 %), and increases in South Asia (2 Tg(S) and 42 %) and the Middle East (1 Tg(S) and 44% ). The global N deposition increases by 7 Tg(N) (6 %), mainly contributed by South Asia (5 Tg(N) and 39 %), East Asia (4 Tg(N) and 21 %) and Southeast Asia (2 Tg(N) and 21 %). The NHx deposition is increased with no control policy on NH3 emission in North America. On the other hand, NOy deposition starts to dominate in East Asia (especially China) due to boosted NOx emission in recent years.
Citation: Tan, J., Fu, J. S., Dentener, F., Sun, J., Emmons, L., Tilmes, S., Sudo, K., Flemming, J., Jonson, J. E., Gravel, S., Bian, H., Henze, D., Lund, M. T., Kucsera, T., Takemura, T., and Keating, T.: Multi-model study of HTAP II on sulphur and nitrogen deposition, Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss.,, in review, 2018.
Jiani Tan et al.
Jiani Tan et al.


Total article views: 402 (including HTML, PDF, and XML)

HTML PDF XML Total Supplement BibTeX EndNote
291 98 13 402 28 5 12

Views and downloads (calculated since 03 Jan 2018)

Cumulative views and downloads (calculated since 03 Jan 2018)

Viewed (geographical distribution)

Total article views: 386 (including HTML, PDF, and XML)

Thereof 386 with geography defined and 0 with unknown origin.

Country # Views %
  • 1



Latest update: 19 Mar 2018
Publications Copernicus
Short summary
We study the distributions of sulfur and nitrogen deposition which are associated with current environmental issues such as formation of acid rain and eutrophication of ecosystem and result in wide spread of problems such as loss of environmental diversity, harming the crop yield and even food security. According to our study, both the amount and distribution of sulfate and nitrogen deposition have changed significantly in the last decade. In particular, East Asia, South Asia and Southeast Asia.
We study the distributions of sulfur and nitrogen deposition which are associated with current...