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Discussion papers
https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-2016-307
© Author(s) 2016. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.
https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-2016-307
© Author(s) 2016. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.

Submitted as: research article 27 May 2016

Submitted as: research article | 27 May 2016

Review status
This discussion paper is a preprint. It has been under review for the journal Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics (ACP). The revised manuscript was not accepted.

Assessing atmospheric dust modelling performance of WRF-Chem over the semi-arid and arid regions around the Mediterranean

Emmanouil Flaounas1, Vassiliki Kotroni1, Konstantinos Lagouvardos1, Martina Klose2, Cyrille Flamant3, and Theodore M. Giannaros1 Emmanouil Flaounas et al.
  • 1National Observatory of Athens, Athens, Greece
  • 2USDA-ARS Jornada Experimental Range, Las Cruces, NM, USA
  • 3ATMOS/IPSL, UPMC Univ. Paris 06, Sorbonne Universités, UVSQ, CNRS, Paris, France

Abstract. In this study we aim at optimizing the WRF-Chem model performance for the purpose of operational forecasting of dust transport over the eastern Mediterranean. For this reason, we compare the model output to observations in order to assess its capacity to realistically reproduce the aerosol optical depth (AOD), focusing on three key regions: North Africa, the Arabian Peninsula and the eastern Mediterranean. Three sets of four simulations each have been performed for the six-month period of spring and summer 2011. Each simulation set uses a different dust emission parametrisation and for each parametrisation, the dust emissions are multiplied with various coefficients in order to tune the model performance. Our approach is based on the model assessment across spatial and temporal scales by comparing its outputs to AOD observations from satellites and ground-based stations, as well as airborne measurements of aerosol extinction coefficients over the Sahara.

Tuning the model performance by applying a coefficient to dust emissions may reduce the model AOD bias over a region, but may increase it in other regions. Concerning dust transport over the eastern Mediterranean, the model was shown to realistically reproduce the major transport events, however failing to capture the regional background AOD. Model assessment over the entire domain and simulation period shows that the model presents temporal and spatial variability similar to observed AODs, regardless of the applied dust emission parametrisation. However, when focusing on specific regions, the model’s skill may vary significantly. Further comparison of the model simulations to airborne measurements of the vertical profiles of extinction coefficients over North Africa suggests that the model may realistically reproduce the total atmospheric column AOD. Finally, we show that the inclusion of a finer dust mode (less than 1 μm) in the model presents the advantage of relaxing unrealistically large atmospheric dust loads and yet reproducing realistic AOD values.

Emmanouil Flaounas et al.
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Interactive discussion
Status: closed
Status: closed
AC: Author comment | RC: Referee comment | SC: Short comment | EC: Editor comment
Printer-friendly Version - Printer-friendly version Supplement - Supplement
Emmanouil Flaounas et al.
Emmanouil Flaounas et al.
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