Photooxidation of cyclohexene in the presence of SO2: SOA yield and
Shijie Liu1,2,3, Long Jia2, Yongfu Xu2, Narcisse T. Tsona1, Shuangshuang Ge2, and Lin Du3,1,21Environment Research Institute, Shandong University, Jinan, 250100, China 2State Key Laboratory of Atmospheric Boundary Layer Physics and Atmospheric Chemistry, Institute of Atmospheric Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, 100029, China 3Shenzhen Research Institute, Shandong University, Shenzhen, 518057, China
Received: 12 Jan 2017 – Accepted for review: 13 Feb 2017 – Discussion started: 15 Feb 2017
Abstract. Secondary organic aerosol (SOA) formation from cyclohexene/NOx system with various SO2 concentrations under UV light was studied to understand the effects of cyclic alkenes on the atmospheric environment in polluted urban areas. A clear decrease at first and then increase of the SOA yield was found with increasing SO2 concentrations. The lowest SOA yield was obtained when initial SO2 concentration was in the range of 30–40 ppb, while higher SOA yield compared to that without SO2 could not be obtained until the initial SO2 concentration was higher than 85 ppb. SOA formation was enhanced by the acid-catalyzed heterogeneous reactions, which lead to an increase in the total organic aerosol mass. The competitive reaction of OH radicals with SO2 and VOCs was the reason for the SOA yield decrease even under acidic conditions. The competitive reaction was an important factor for SOA yield and it should not be neglected in photooxidation, especially when acid-catalyzed mechanism could not significantly improve SOA yield. The composition of organic compounds in SOA was measured using several complementary techniques including Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectrometer, ion chromatograph (IC) and electrospray ionization high-resolution quadrupole mass spectrometer (ESI-HR-MS). We present the first evidence that organosulfates were produced from the photooxidation of cyclohexene in the presence of SO2.
Liu, S., Jia, L., Xu, Y., Tsona, N. T., Ge, S., and Du, L.: Photooxidation of cyclohexene in the presence of SO2: SOA yield and
chemical composition, Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss., doi:10.5194/acp-2017-30, in review, 2017.