Impacts of aerosol direct effects on tropospheric ozone through changes in atmospheric dynamics and photolysis rates
Jia Xing1, Jiandong Wang1, Rohit Mathur2, Shuxiao Wang1, Golam Sarwar2, Jonathan Pleim2, Christian Hogrefe2, Yuqiang Zhang2, Jingkun Jiang1, David C. Wong2, and Jiming Hao11State Key Joint Laboratory of Environmental Simulation and Pollution Control, School of Environment, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China 2The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Research Triangle Park, NC 27711, USA
Received: 03 Mar 2017 – Accepted for review: 22 Mar 2017 – Discussion started: 24 Mar 2017
Abstract. Aerosol direct effects (ADE), i.e., scattering and absorption of incoming solar radiation, reduce radiation reaching the ground and the resultant photolysis attenuation can decrease ozone (O3) formation in polluted areas. One the other hand, evidence also suggests that ADE associated cooling suppresses atmospheric ventilation thereby enhancing surface-level O3. Assessment of ADE impacts is thus important for understanding emission reduction strategies that seek co-benefits associated with reductions in both particulate matter and O3 levels. This study quantifies the impacts of ADE on tropospheric ozone by using a two-way online coupled meteorology and atmospheric chemistry model, WRF-CMAQ, instrumented with process analysis methodology. Two manifestations of ADE impacts on O3 including changes in atmospheric dynamics (ΔDynamics) and changes in photolysis rates (ΔPhotolysis) were assessed separately through multiple scenario simulations for January and July of 2013 over China. Results suggest that ADE reduced surface daily maxima 1 h O3 (DM1O3) in China by up to 39 μg m-3 through the combination of ΔDynamics and ΔPhotolysis in January, but enhanced surface DM1O3 by up to 4 μg m-3 in July. Increased O3 in July is largely attributed to ΔDynamics which causes a weaker O3 sink of dry deposition and a stronger O3 source of photochemistry due to the stabilization of atmosphere. Meanwhile, surface OH is also enhanced at noon in July, though its daytime average values are reduced in January. An increased OH chain length and a shift towards more VOC-limited condition are found due to ADE in both January and July. This study suggests that reducing ADE may have potential risk of increasing O3 in winter, but it will benefit the reduction of maxima O3 in summer.
Xing, J., Wang, J., Mathur, R., Wang, S., Sarwar, G., Pleim, J., Hogrefe, C., Zhang, Y., Jiang, J., Wong, D. C., and Hao, J.: Impacts of aerosol direct effects on tropospheric ozone through changes in atmospheric dynamics and photolysis rates, Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss., doi:10.5194/acp-2017-198, in review, 2017.