Experimental and computational kinetics investigations for the reactions of Cl atoms with series of unsaturated ketones in gas phase
Siripina Vijayakumar, Avinash Kumar, and Balla Rajakuma
Department of Chemistry, Indian Institute of Technology Madras, Chennai 600036, India
Received: 22 Feb 2017 – Accepted for review: 06 Apr 2017 – Discussion started: 12 Apr 2017
Abstract. Temperature dependent rate coefficients for the gas phase reactions of Cl atoms with 4-hexen-3-one and 5-hexen-2-one were measured over the temperature range of 298–363 K relative to 1-pentene, 1,3-butadiene and isoprene. Gas Chromatography (GC) was used to measure the concentrations of the organics. The derived temperature dependent Arrhenius expressions are k4-hexen-3-one+Cl (298–363 K) = (2.82 ± 1.76)×10−12exp [(1556 ± 438)/T] cm3 molecule−1 s−1 and k5-hexen-2-one+Cl (298–363 K) = (4.6 ± 2.4)×10−11exp[(646 ± 171)/T] cm3 molecule−1 s−1. The corresponding room temperature rate coefficients are (5.54 ± 0.41)×10−10 cm3 molecule−1 s−1 and (4.00 ± 0.37)×10−10 cm3 molecule−1 s−1 for the reactions of Cl atoms with 4-hexen-3-one and 5-hexen-2-one respectively. To understand the mechanism of Cl atom reactions with unsaturated ketones, computational calculations were performed for the reactions of Cl atoms with 4-hexen-3-one, 5-hexen-2-one and 3-penten-2-one over the temperature range of 275–400 K using Canonical Variational Transition state theory (CVT) with Small Curvature Tunneling (SCT) in combination with CCSD(T)/6-31+G(d, p)//MP2/6-311++G(d, p) level of theory. Atmospheric implications, reaction mechanism and feasibility of the title reactions are discussed in this manuscript.
Vijayakumar, S., Kumar, A., and Rajakuma, B.: Experimental and computational kinetics investigations for the reactions of Cl atoms with series of unsaturated ketones in gas phase, Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss., doi:10.5194/acp-2017-163, in review, 2017.