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Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics An interactive open-access journal of the European Geosciences Union
https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-2017-130
© Author(s) 2017. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.
Research article
28 Feb 2017
Review status
This discussion paper is under review for the journal Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics (ACP).
From the Caribbean to West Africa: Four weeks of continuous dust and marine aerosol profiling with shipborne polarization/Raman lidar – a contribution to SALTRACE
Franziska Rittmeister1, Albert Ansmann1, Ronny Engelmann1, Annett Skupin1, Holger Baars1, Thomas Kanitz2, and Stefan Kinne3 1Leibniz Institute for Tropospheric Research, Leipzig, Germany
2ESTEC, Noordwijk, The Netherlands
3Max Planck Institute for Meteorology, Hamburg, Germany
Abstract. Continuous vertically resolved monitoring of marine aerosol, Saharan dust, and marine/dust aerosol mixtures was performed with multiwavelength polarization/Raman lidar aboard the German research vessel R/V Meteor during a one-month transatlantic cruise from Guadeloupe to Cabo Verde over 4500 km (from 61.5° W to 2° W, mostly along 14.5° N) in April–May 2013, as part of SALTRACE (Saharan Aerosol Long-range Transport and Aerosol–Cloud Interaction Experiment). An overview of measured aerosol optical properties over the tropical Atlantic is given in terms of spectrally resolved particle backscatter and extinction coefficients, lidar ratio, and linear depolarization ratio. Height profiles from the marine boundary layer (MBL) up to the top of the Saharan Air Layer (SAL) are presented. MBL and SAL mean lidar ratios were around 20 and 40 sr. These values indicate clean marine conditions in the MBL and entrainment of marine particles into the lower part of the SAL. In the central and upper parts of the SAL, the lidar ratios were most frequently 50–60 sr and thus typical for Saharan dust. The MBL and SAL mean depolarization ratios were close to 0.05 and between 0.2–0.3, respectively, which reflects almost dust-free conditions in the MBL and the occurrence of a mixture of marine and dust particles in the SAL. The conceptual model, describing the long-range transport and removal processes of Saharan dust over the North Atlantic, is discussed and confronted with the lidar observations along the west-to-east track of the slowly moving research vessel. The role of turbulent downward mixing as an efficient dust removal process is illuminated. In a follow-up article (Rittmeister et al., 2017), the lidar observations of dust extinction coefficient and derived mass concentration profiles are compared with respective dust profiles simulated with three well-established European atmospheric aerosol and dust prediction models (MACC, NMMB/BSC-Dust, SKIRON).

Citation: Rittmeister, F., Ansmann, A., Engelmann, R., Skupin, A., Baars, H., Kanitz, T., and Kinne, S.: From the Caribbean to West Africa: Four weeks of continuous dust and marine aerosol profiling with shipborne polarization/Raman lidar – a contribution to SALTRACE, Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss., https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-2017-130, in review, 2017.
Franziska Rittmeister et al.
Franziska Rittmeister et al.
Franziska Rittmeister et al.

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