Abstract. Ozone is an important atmospheric constituent due to its role as both a greenhouse gas and an oxidant. Recent measurements in the Mount Everest region indicate the presence of ozone at elevations from 5000 to 9000 m a.s.l. that are the result of both stratospheric and tropospheric sources. Here we examine the temporal variability in the surface ozone concentration measurements from the ABC-Pyramid Observatory in the Mount Everest region during 2006 and compare it to the total column ozone data from the OMI instrument as well as meteorological fields from the ECMWF Interim Reanalysis. Both the surface ozone at and the total column ozone over the ABC-Pyramid Observatory site have maxima in the pre-monsoon period. We show that during this period, there is a statistically significant correlation between the two suggesting that the stratosphere was an important contributor to the high levels of ozone observed during the period. There was a hiatus in the monsoon in June that resulted in a return of westerlies over northern Indian and southern Tibet and as a result, the aforementioned correlation extended into June. No such correlation exists during the monsoon and post-monsoon periods. Spatial correlation maps between the surface ozone and total column ozone as well as meteorological fields from the ECMWF Interim Reanalysis support the contention that there is a significant stratospheric contribution in the pre-monsoon period that is absent during and after the monsoon.
Moore, G. W. K., Abernethy, S., and Semple, J. L.: Spatial and temporal variability in surface ozone at a high elevation remote site in Nepal, Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss., 9, 16233-16266, doi:10.5194/acpd-9-16233-2009, 2009.