Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss., 9, 735-766, 2009
www.atmos-chem-phys-discuss.net/9/735/2009/
doi:10.5194/acpd-9-735-2009
© Author(s) 2009. This work is distributed
under the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.
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This discussion paper has been under review for the journal Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics (ACP). Please refer to the corresponding final paper in ACP.
Measurement of acidic ions and their qualitative effects on snow crystal morphology and the quasi-liquid layer
T. N. Knepp1, T. L. Renkens1, and P. B. Shepson1,2,3
1Department of Chemistry, Purdue University, 560 Oval Dr., West Lafayette, IN 47907, USA
2Department of Earth and Atmospheric Science, Purdue University, 550 Stadium Mall Dr., West Lafayette, IN 47907, USA
3Purdue Climate Change Research Center, Purdue University, 503 Northwestern Ave., West Lafayette, IN 47907, USA

Abstract. A chamber was constructed within which snow crystals were grown on a string at various temperatures, relative humidities, and acetic acid gas phase mole fraction. The temperature, relative humidity, and acid mole fraction were measured for the first time at the point of crystal growth. Snow crystal morphological transition temperature shifts were recorded as a function of acid mole fraction, and interpreted according to the calculated acid concentration in the crystal's quasi-liquid layer, which increased in thickness as a function of acid mole fraction, thereby affecting the crystal's morphology according to the hypothesis of Kuroda and Lacmann. Deficiencies in the understanding of the quasi-liquid layer and its role in determining snow crystal morphology are briefly discussed.

Citation: Knepp, T. N., Renkens, T. L., and Shepson, P. B.: Measurement of acidic ions and their qualitative effects on snow crystal morphology and the quasi-liquid layer, Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss., 9, 735-766, doi:10.5194/acpd-9-735-2009, 2009.
 
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