Ambient new particle formation parameter indicates potential rise in future events
1Institute for Atmospheric and Environmental Sciences, Goethe University, Frankfurt, Germany
2Atmospheric Sciences Division, Department of Physics, Helsinki University, Helsinki, Finland
3Hessian Institute for Environmental and Geology, Air Quality Dept., Wiesbaden, Germany
Abstract. Atmospheric new particle formation is a general phenomenon observed over coniferous forests. So far nucleation is described as a function of gaseous sulfuric acid concentration only, which is unable to explain the observed seasonality of nucleation events at different measurement sites. Here we introduce a new nucleation parameter including ozone and water vapor concentrations as well as UV-B radiation as a proxy for OH radical formation. Applying this new parameter to field studies conducted at Finnish and German measurement sites it is found capable to predict the occurrence of nucleation events and their seasonal and annual variation indicating a significant role of organics. Extrapolation to possible future conditions of ozone, water vapor and organic concentrations leads to a significant potential increase in nucleation event number.