Impact of open crop residual burning on air quality over Central Eastern China during the Mount Tai Experiment 2006 (MTX2006)
1Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology, 3173-25, Showa-machi, Yokohama, Kanagawa 236-0001, Japan
2Research Institute for Applied Mechanics, Kyushu University, Kasuga Park 6-1, Kasuga 816-8580, Fukuoka, Japan
3National Institute for Environmental Studies, 16-2, Onogawa, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-8506, Japan
4Institute of Soil Science Chinese Academy of Sciences, Nanjing 210008, China
5Institute of Atmospheric Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 10029, China
6Acid Deposition and Oxidant Research Center, 1182 Sowa, Nishi-ku, Niigata, Japan
Abstract. The impact of open crop residual burning on O3, CO, Black Carbons (BC), and Organic Carbons (OC) concentrations over Central Eastern China (CEC) during the Mount Tai Experiment 2006 (MTX2006) was evaluated using the regional chemical transport model, the Models-3 Community Multiscale Air Quality Modeling System (CMAQ). To investigate these pollutants during the MTX2006 period in June, daily gridded emissions from open crop residual burning were developed based on a bottom-up methodology and using land cover and hotspot information from satellites. This model system which involves daily emissions from open biomass burning, captured monthly-averaged observed concentrations and day-to-day variations in the patterns of O3, CO, BC, and OC with good correlation coefficients between models and observations, ranging from 0.54 to 0.66. These results were significantly improved from those using annual emissions. For monthly-averaged O3, the simulated concentration of 81.5 ppbv was close to the observed concentration (82.5 ppbv). The period of MTX2006 was roughly divided into two parts: 1) polluted days with heavy open crop residual burning in the first half of June; 2) cleaner days with negligible field burning in the latter half of June. Additionally, the first half of June was defined by two high pollution episodes during 5–7 and 12–13 June, and a relatively cleaner episode during 8–10 June between these two high pollution episodes. In the first polluted episode, this model captured high O3, CO, BC, and OC concentrations at the summit of Mount Tai which were affected by open crop residual burning in the south of CEC and northward transport. For this episode, the impacts from open crop residual burning were 12% for O3, 35% for CO, 56% for BC, and 80% for OC over CEC. The daily emissions from open crop residual burning were an essential factor to evaluate the pollutants during the MTX2006. These emissions have a large impact not only on primary pollutants but also on secondly pollutions, such as O3, in the first half of June over northeastern Asia. On the other hand, this model did not capture the second polluted episode and underestimated observed CO and BC. Improvements of both anthropogenic and open burning emissions and CO inflow from model boundary are necessary to improve both anthropogenic and open burning emissions and CO inflow to evaluate the pollutants using this model.