Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss., 9, 20347-20369, 2009
www.atmos-chem-phys-discuss.net/9/20347/2009/
doi:10.5194/acpd-9-20347-2009
© Author(s) 2009. This work is distributed
under the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.
Review Status
This discussion paper has been under review for the journal Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics (ACP). Please refer to the corresponding final paper in ACP.
Composition of cirrus-forming aerosols at the tropical tropopause
K. D. Froyd1,2, D. M. Murphy1, P. Lawson3, D. Baumgardner4, and R. L. Herman5
1NOAA Earth System Research Laboratory, Chemical Sciences Division, Boulder, CO, USA
2Cooperative Institute for Research in Environmental Science, University of Colorado, Boulder, CO, USA
3SPEC Incorporated, Boulder, CO, USA
4Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico, Ciudad Universitaria, Mexico City, Mexico
5Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA, USA

Abstract. The composition of residual particles from evaporated cirrus ice crystals near the tropical tropopause as well as unfrozen aerosols were measured with a single particle mass spectrometer. Subvisible cirrus residuals were predominantly composed of internal mixtures of neutralized sulfate with organic material and were chemically indistinguishable from unfrozen sulfate-organic aerosols. Ice residuals were also similar in size to unfrozen aerosol. Heterogeneous ice nuclei such as mineral dust were not enhanced in these subvisible cirrus residuals. Biomass burning particles were depleted in the residuals. Cloud probe measurements showing low cirrus ice crystal number concentrations were inconsistent with conventional homogeneous freezing. Recent laboratory studies provide heterogeneous nucleation scenarios that may explain tropopause level subvisible cirrus formation.

Citation: Froyd, K. D., Murphy, D. M., Lawson, P., Baumgardner, D., and Herman, R. L.: Composition of cirrus-forming aerosols at the tropical tropopause, Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss., 9, 20347-20369, doi:10.5194/acpd-9-20347-2009, 2009.
 
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