Atmospheric OH reactivities in the Pearl River Delta – China in summer 2006: measurement and model results
1School of Environmental Science and Technology, Shanghai Jiatong Univ., Shanghai, China
2Institut für Chemie und Dynamik der Geosphäre 2: Troposphäre, Forschungszentrum Jülich, Jülich, Germany
3College of Environmental Sciences and Engineering, Peking Univ., Beijing, China
4Faculty of Science, Ibaraki Univ., Ibaraki, Japan
5Research Center for Advanced Science and Technology, Univ. of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan
6Research Center for Environmental Changes (RCEC), Academic Sinica, Taipei, China
Abstract. Total atmospheric OH reactivities (kOH) have been measured as reciprocal OH lifetimes by a newly developed instrument at a rural site in the densely populated Pearl River Delta (PRD) in Southern China in summer 2006. The deployed technique, LP-LIF, uses laser flash photolysis (LP) for artifical OH generation and laser-induced fluorescence (LIF) to measure the time-dependent OH decay in samples of ambient air. The reactivities observed at PRD covered a range from 10 s−1 to 120 s−1, indicating a large load of chemical reactants. On average, kOH exhibited a pronounced diurnal profile with a mean maximum value of 50 s−1 at daybreak and a mean minimum value of 20 s−1 at noon. The reactivity was dominated by anthropogenic pollutants (e.g., CO, NOx, light alkenes and aromatic hydrocarbons) at night, while it was strongly influenced by local, biogenic emissions of isoprene at day. The comparison of reactivities calculated from measured trace gases with measured kOH reveals a missing reactivity of about a factor of 2 at day and night. Box model calculations initialized by measured parameters reproduce the observed OH reactivity well and suggest that the missing reactivity is contributed by unmeasured, secondary chemistry products (mainly aldehydes and ketones) that were photochemically formed by hydrocarbon oxidation. Overall, kOH was dominated by organic compounds, which had a maxium contribution of 85% in the afternoon. The paper demonstrates the usefulness of direct reactivity measurements and emphasizes the need for direct measurements of oxygenated organic compounds in atmospheric chemistry studies.