1Research Center for Environmental Changes, Academia Sinica, Taipei, Taiwan, 128 Sec. 2, Academia Rd, Nankang, Taipei 115, Taiwan
2National Center for Atmospheric Research, Boulder, Colorado, USA
3Department of Geology, Chinese Culture University, Taiwan
4Goddard Earth Sciences and Technology Center, NASA, USA
Abstract. Biomass burning in the Indochina Peninsula (Indochina) is one of the important ozone sources in the low troposphere over East Asia in springtime. MODIS data showed that nearly 20 000 fires or more occurred annually in spring only from 2000 to 2007. In our tracer modeling study, we identified a new mechanism transporting the tracer over Indochina that is significantly different from the vertical transport mechanism over the areas around the equator such as Indonesia and Malaysia. Simulation results demonstrate that the leeside trough over Indochina played a dominant role in the uplift of the tracer below 3 km, and that the strong westerlies prevailed above 3 km to transport the tracer. They provided the fundamental mechanisms a major impact on the air quality downwind from Indochina over East Asia. And the climatological importance of such leeside trough is also discussed.