Global temperature estimates in the troposphere and stratosphere: a validation study of COSMIC/FORMOSAT-3 measurements
1Dept. of Physics and Atmospheric Science, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Canada
2National Institute of Information and Communications Technology, Tokyo, Japan
3Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, CA, USA
4National Laser Centre, CSIR, Pretoria, South Africa
Abstract. This paper mainly focuses on the validation of temperature estimates derived with the newly launched Constellation Observing System for Meteorology Ionosphere and Climate (COSMIC)/Formosa Satellite 3 (FORMOSAT-3) system. The analysis is based on the radio occultation (RO) data sample collected during the first year observation from April 2006 to April 2007. For the validation, we have used the operational stratospheric analyses (models) including the National Centers for Environmental Prediction-Reanalysis (NCEP-Reanalysis), the Japanese 25-year Reanalysis (JRA-25), and the United Kingdom Met Office (MetO) data sets. Comparisons done in different formats reveal excellent agreement between the COSMIC and model outputs. Spatially, the largest deviations are noted in the polar latitudes, and height-wise, the tropical tropopause region noted the maximum differences. However, these differences are only 2–4 K. We found that among the three models the NCEP data sets have the best resemblance with the COSMIC measurements. We also have done comparison of specific humidity and refractivity profiles with other measurements/models. Specific humidity profiles show comparatively large differences at altitudes below 5 km. Refractivity profiles derived by the COSMIC and other datasets show very good agreement.