Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss., 8, 7315-7337, 2008
www.atmos-chem-phys-discuss.net/8/7315/2008/
doi:10.5194/acpd-8-7315-2008
© Author(s) 2008. This work is distributed
under the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.
Review Status
This discussion paper has been under review for the journal Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics (ACP). Please refer to the corresponding final paper in ACP.
Airborne in-situ measurements of vertical, seasonal and latitudinal distributions of carbon dioxide over Europe
C. Gurk1, H. Fischer1, P. Hoor1, M.G. Lawrence1, J. Lelieveld1, and H. Wernli2
1Max Planck Institute for Chemistry, POB 3060, 55020 Mainz, Germany
2Institute for Atmospheric Physics, University of Mainz, Germany

Abstract. Airborne in-situ observations of carbon dioxide (CO2) were made during 7 intensive measurement campaigns between November 2001 and April 2003 as part of the SPURT project. Vertical profiles and latitudinal gradients in the upper troposphere/lowermost stratosphere were measured along the western shore of Europe from the subtropics to high northern latitudes during different seasons. In the boundary layer, CO2 exhibits a strong seasonal cycle with the maximum mixing ratios in winter and minimum values in summer, reflecting the strength of CO2 uptake by vegetation. Seasonal variations are strongest in high latitudes and propagate to the free troposphere and lowermost stratosphere, although with reduced amplitude, resulting in increasing CO2 mixing ratios with altitude during the summer. In the lowermost stratosphere, the CO2 seasonal cycle is phase-shifted relative to the free troposphere by approximately 3 months, with highest mixing ratios during the summer.

Citation: Gurk, C., Fischer, H., Hoor, P., Lawrence, M.G., Lelieveld, J., and Wernli, H.: Airborne in-situ measurements of vertical, seasonal and latitudinal distributions of carbon dioxide over Europe, Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss., 8, 7315-7337, doi:10.5194/acpd-8-7315-2008, 2008.
 
Search ACPD
Discussion Paper
    XML
    Citation
    Final Revised Paper
    Share