1Institute for Meteorology, Department Water – Atmosphere – Environment, University of Natural Resources and Applied Life Sciences (BOKU), Vienna, Austria
2Institute for Geography and Regional Research, University of Vienna, Vienna, Austria
3Finnish Meteorological Institute, Helsinki, Finland
4Institute of Medical Physics and Biostatistics, University of Veterinary Medicine, Vienna, Austria
*now at: Institute for Atmospheric and Climate Science, ETH Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland
Abstract. A measurement campaign was performed in the region of Vienna and its surroundings from May to July 2007. Within the scope of this campaign erythemal UV was measured at six ground stations within a radius of 30 km. First, the homogeneity of the UV levels within the area of one satellite pixel was studied. Second, the ground UV was compared to ground UV retrieved by the ozone monitoring instrument (OMI) onboard the NASA EOS Aura Spacecraft. During clear sky conditions the difference in erythemal UV measured by the different stations was within the measurement uncertainty of 8%. For partly cloudy conditions and total overcast conditions the discrepancy of momentary values between the stations is up to 200% or even higher. If averages of the UV index over longer time periods are compared the difference between the stations decreases strongly. The agreement is better than 20% within a distance of 10 km between the stations for 3 h averages. The comparison with OMI UV showed for clear sky conditions higher satellite retrieved UV values by on the average approximately 15%. For partly cloudy and overcast conditions the OMI derived surface UV estimates show larger deviation from the ground-based reference data, and even bigger systematic positive bias.