Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss., 8, 3357-3381, 2008
www.atmos-chem-phys-discuss.net/8/3357/2008/
doi:10.5194/acpd-8-3357-2008
© Author(s) 2008. This work is distributed
under the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.
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This discussion paper has been under review for the journal Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics (ACP). Please refer to the corresponding final paper in ACP.
Modelling UV irradiances on arbitrarily oriented surfaces: effects of sky obstructions
M. Hess and P. Koepke
Meteorological Institute of the L.-M. University, Munich, Germany

Abstract. A method is presented to calculate UV irradiances on inclined surfaces that additionally takes into account the influence of sky obstructions caused by obstacles such as mountains, houses, trees, or umbrellas. Thus the method allows calculating the impact of UV radiation on biological systems, such as for instance the human skin or eye, in any natural or artificial environment. The method, a combination of radiation models, is explained and the correctness of its results is demonstrated. The effect of a natural skyline is shown for an Alpine ski area, where the UV irradiance even on a horizontal surface may increase due to reflection at snow by more than 10%. In contrast in a street canyon the irradiance on a horizontal surface is reduced down to 30% in shadow and to about 75% for a position in the sun.

Citation: Hess, M. and Koepke, P.: Modelling UV irradiances on arbitrarily oriented surfaces: effects of sky obstructions, Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss., 8, 3357-3381, doi:10.5194/acpd-8-3357-2008, 2008.
 
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