Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss., 8, 13801-13845, 2008
www.atmos-chem-phys-discuss.net/8/13801/2008/
doi:10.5194/acpd-8-13801-2008
© Author(s) 2008. This work is distributed
under the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.
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This discussion paper has been under review for the journal Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics (ACP). Please refer to the corresponding final paper in ACP.
Characterization of the size-segregated water-soluble inorganic ions at eight Canadian rural sites
L. Zhang, R. Vet, A. Wiebe, C. Mihele, B. Sukloff, E. Chan, M. D. Moran, and S. Iqbal
Air Quality Research Division, Science and Technology Branch, Environment Canada 4905 Dufferin Street, Toronto, Ontario, M3H 5T4, Canada

Abstract. Size-segregated water-soluble inorganic ions, including particulate sulphate (SO42-), nitrate (NO3-), ammonium (NH4+), chloride (Cl-) and base cations (K+, Na+, Mg2+, Ca2+), were measured using a Micro-Orifice Uniform Deposit Impactor (MOUDI) during fourteen short-term field campaigns at eight locations in both polluted and remote regions of eastern and central Canada. The size distributions of SO42- and NH4+ were unimodal, peaking at 0.3–0.6 μm in diameter, during most of the campaigns, although a bimodal distribution was found during one campaign and a trimodal distribution during another campaign made at a coastal site. The size distributions of NO3- were unimodal, peaking at 4.0–7.0 μm, during the warm-season campaigns and bimodal, with one peak at 0.3–0.6 μm and another at 4–7 μm, during the cold-season campaigns. A unimodal size distribution, peaking at 4–6 μm, was found for Cl-, Na+, Mg2+ and Ca2+ during approximately half of the campaigns and a bimodal distribution, with one peak at 2 μm and the other at 6 μm, was found during the rest of the campaigns. For K+, a bimodal distribution, with one peak at 0.3 μm and the other at 4 μm, was observed during most of the campaigns. The measured ion concentrations varied by one order of magnitude across the various sites. The air-mass origins and meteorological conditions both played important roles in formulating the observed geographical and seasonal patterns of these ion species concentration levels, size distributions and fine particle acidity.

Citation: Zhang, L., Vet, R., Wiebe, A., Mihele, C., Sukloff, B., Chan, E., Moran, M. D., and Iqbal, S.: Characterization of the size-segregated water-soluble inorganic ions at eight Canadian rural sites, Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss., 8, 13801-13845, doi:10.5194/acpd-8-13801-2008, 2008.
 
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