1Molina Center for Energy and the Environment, CA, USA
2Department of Earth, Atmospheric and Planetary Sciences, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, MA, USA
3Department of Earth and Atmospheric Sciences, Saint Louis University, MO, USA
4Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, University of Colorado at Boulder, CO, USA
Abstract. Tropospheric photochemistry, particularly the formation of ozone (O3), depends not only on pollutant emissions, but also on meteorological conditions. In this study a 3-D chemical transport model CAMx was employed to investigate the O3 formation and its response to emission reductions under three distinctively different meteorological conditions ("Cold Surge", "O3-North" and "O3-South") in the Mexico City Metropolitan Area during the MCMA-2003 field measurement campaign. The O3 formation characteristics and sensitivity to emissions changes were found to be weakly dependent on the meteorological conditions. The evolution of O3 formation and sensitivity were also examined along the photochemical plume transport pathway. The midday O3 production was found to undergo a rapid increase in a narrow range of chemical aging, while plumes in the downwind were characterized with low and constant O3 production, and plumes along their transport pathway were featured by a combination of the two. The O3 formation was more VOC sensitive near the source area, but as the plume became chemically aged, O3 formation became progressively VOC insensitive and more NOx sensitive.