Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss., 7, 6573-6601, 2007
www.atmos-chem-phys-discuss.net/7/6573/2007/
doi:10.5194/acpd-7-6573-2007
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This discussion paper has been under review for the journal Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics (ACP). Please refer to the corresponding final paper in ACP.
A long-term comparison of wind and tide measurements in the upper mesosphere recorded with an imaging Doppler interferometer and SuperDARN radar at Halley, Antarctica
R. E. Hibbins and M. J. Jarvis
Physical Sciences Division, British Antarctic Survey, High Cross, Madingley Road, Cambridge CB3 0ET, UK

Abstract. Data from a co-located imaging Doppler interferometer and SuperDARN radar recorded since 1996 have been analysed in a consistent manner to determine daily mean winds and tides in the upper mesosphere. By comparing only days when both techniques were recording good quality data it is shown that the SuperDARN radar winds and tides correlate best with the IDI height bin 90–95 km. On timescales of one hour the winds derived from each technique correlate poorly, whereas the daily mean winds are in much better agreement suggesting that the two radars are sensitive to different parts of the gravity wave spectrum. Regression analysis reveals that the observed SuperDARN daily mean meridional wind strength is approximately 65% that recorded by the IDI while the zonal winds are of similar magnitude, in good quantitative agreement with previous studies which have shown contamination to SuperDARN-derived winds due to the significant back lobe of the radar radiation pattern. Climatologically the two techniques observe similar monthly mean winds with the SuperDARN meridional winds suppressed compared to the IDI which tends to record winds more poleward and eastward than those derived by the SuperDARN radar during the summer months, and to be slightly more equatorward during the winter. The 12-h tidal amplitude and phase in both the zonal and meridional components derived from both techniques are in excellent agreement, whereas the 24-h tides are seen much more strongly in the SuperDARN radar, especially in wintertime, with poor phase agreement. Long term comparison of the two techniques reveals a tendency for the IDI meridional winds to be more poleward during solar maximum especially during summer time; an effect which is not reproduced in the meridional winds derived from the SuperDARN radar. These results are discussed in the context of previous studies to independently determine the veracity of each technique.

Citation: Hibbins, R. E. and Jarvis, M. J.: A long-term comparison of wind and tide measurements in the upper mesosphere recorded with an imaging Doppler interferometer and SuperDARN radar at Halley, Antarctica, Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss., 7, 6573-6601, doi:10.5194/acpd-7-6573-2007, 2007.
 
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