Nine years of UV aerosol optical depth measurements at Thessaloniki, Greece
1Laboratory of Atmospheric Physics, Physics Department, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, University Campus Box 149, 54124, Thessaloniki, Greece
2Institute for Space Applications and Remote Sensing, National Observatory of Athens, Athen, Greece
3University Athens, Fac. Geol Geoenvironment, Climatology Lab., Athen, Greece
4Democritus University Thrace, Department of Environmental Engnineering, Xanthi, Greece
5Municipal Thessaloniki, Department of Environment, Thessaloniki, Greece
Abstract. Spectral measurements of the aerosol optical depth (AOD) and the Angstrom coefficient were conducted at Thessaloniki, Greece (40.5° N, 22.9° E) between January 1997 and December 2005 with a Brewer MKIII double-monochromator spectroradiometer. The dataset was compared with collocated measurements of a second spectroradiometer (Brewer MKII) and a CIMEL sun-photometer, showing correlations of 0.93 and 0.98 respectively. A seasonal variation of the AOD was observed at Thessaloniki, with AOD values at 340 nm of 0.52 and 0.28 for August and December respectively. Back trajectories of air masses for up to 4 days were used to assess the influence of long-range transport from various regions to the aerosol load over Thessaloniki. It is shown that part of the observed seasonality can be attributed to air masses with high AOD originating from North-Eastern and Eastern directions during summertime. The analysis of the long-term record (9 years) of AOD showed a downward tendency. A similar decreasing tendency was found in the record of the PM-10 aerosol measurements, which are conducted near the surface at 4 air-quality monitoring stations in the area of the city of Thessaloniki.