Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss., 7, 4127-4163, 2007
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The multi-seasonal NOy budget in coastal Antarctica and its link with surface snow and ice core nitrate: results from the CHABLIS campaign
A. E. Jones1, E. W. Wolff1, D. Ames2, S. J.-B. Bauguitte1, K. C. Clemitshaw2,*, Z. Fleming2,**, G. P. Mills3, A. Saiz-Lopez3,***, R. A. Salmon1, W. T. Sturges3, and D. R. Worton3
1British Antarctic Survey, Natural Environment Research Council, High Cross, Madingley Road, Cambridge, CB3 0ET, UK
2Dept. of Environmental Science and Technology, Imperial College of Science, Technology and Medicine, Ascot, UK
3School of Environmental Sciences, University of East Anglia, Norwich, NR4 7TJ, UK
*now at: Royal Holloway, University of London, Egham, UK
**now at: Inst. for Energy and Sustainable Development, De Montfort University, Leicester, UK
***now at: Earth And Space Science Division, Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, UK

Abstract. Measurements of individual NOy components were carried out at Halley station in coastal Antarctica. The measurements were made as part of the CHABLIS campaign (Chemistry of the Antarctic Boundary Layer and the Interface with Snow) and cover over half a year, from austral winter 2004 through to austral summer 2005. They are the longest duration and most extensive NOy budget study carried out to date in polar regions. Results show clear dominance of organic NOy compounds (PAN and MeONO2) during the winter months, with low concentrations of inorganic NOy, but a reversal of this situation towards summer when the balance shifts in favour of inorganic NOy. Multi-seasonal measurements of surface snow nitrate correlate strongly with inorganic NOy species. One case study in August suggested that particulate nitrate was the dominant source of nitrate to the snowpack, but this was not the consistent picture throughout the measurement period. An analysis of NOx production rates showed that emissions of NOx from the snowpack dominate over gas-phase sources of "new NOx", suggesting that, for certain periods in the past, the flux of NOx into the boundary layer can be calculated from ice core nitrate data.

Citation: Jones, A. E., Wolff, E. W., Ames, D., Bauguitte, S. J.-B., Clemitshaw, K. C., Fleming, Z., Mills, G. P., Saiz-Lopez, A., Salmon, R. A., Sturges, W. T., and Worton, D. R.: The multi-seasonal NOy budget in coastal Antarctica and its link with surface snow and ice core nitrate: results from the CHABLIS campaign, Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss., 7, 4127-4163, doi:10.5194/acpd-7-4127-2007, 2007.
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