Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss., 7, 1823-1847, 2007
www.atmos-chem-phys-discuss.net/7/1823/2007/
doi:10.5194/acpd-7-1823-2007
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This discussion paper has been under review for the journal Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics (ACP). Please refer to the corresponding final paper in ACP.
Enhanced tropospheric BrO concentrations over the Antarctic sea ice belt in mid winter observed from MAX-DOAS observations on board the research vessel Polarstern
T. Wagner1, O. Ibrahim2, R. Sinreich2, U. Frieß2, and U. Platt2
1Max-Planck-Institute for Chemistry, Mainz, Germany
2Institut für Umweltphysik, University of Heidelberg, Heidelberg, Germany

Abstract. We present Multi AXis-Differential Optical Absorption Spectroscopy (MAX-DOAS) observations of tropospheric BrO carried out on board the German research vessel Polarstern during the Antarctic winter 2006. Polarstern entered the area of first year sea ice around Antarctica on 24 June 2006 and stayed within this area until 15 August 2006. For the period when the ship cruised inside the first year sea ice belt, enhanced BrO concentrations were almost continuously observed. One interesting exception appeared on 7 July 2006, when the sun elevation angle was < about –2.8° indicating that for low insulation the photolysis of Br2 and/or HOBr is too slow to provide sufficient amounts of Br radicals. Before and after the period inside the first year sea ice belt, typically low BrO concentrations were observed. Our observations indicate that enhanced BrO concentrations around Antarctica exist about one month earlier than observed by satellite instruments. The small BrO concentrations over the open oceans indicate a short atmospheric lifetime of activated bromine without contact to areas of first year sea ice. From detailed radiative transfer simulations we find that MAX-DOAS observations are about one order of magnitude more sensitive to near-surface BrO than satellite observations. In contrast to satellite observations the MAX-DOAS sensitivity hardly decreases for large solar zenith angles and is almost independent from the ground albedo. Thus this technique is very well suited for observations in polar regions close to the solar terminator. Furthermore, combination of both techniques could yield additional information on the vertical distribution of BrO in the lower troposphere.

Citation: Wagner, T., Ibrahim, O., Sinreich, R., Frieß, U., and Platt, U.: Enhanced tropospheric BrO concentrations over the Antarctic sea ice belt in mid winter observed from MAX-DOAS observations on board the research vessel Polarstern, Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss., 7, 1823-1847, doi:10.5194/acpd-7-1823-2007, 2007.
 
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