Long-term observation of mass-independent oxygen isotope anomaly in stratospheric CO2
1Division of Earth and Planetary Sciences, Graduate School of Science, Hokkaido University, Sapporo, Japan
2Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency, Sagamihara, Japan
3Center for Atmospheric and Oceanic Studies, Graduate School of Science, Tohoku University, Sendai, Japan
4Department of Chemical Oceanography, Ocean Research Institute, The University of Tokyo, Nakano-ku, Tokyo, Japan
Abstract. Anomalous oxygen isotopic compositions of stratospheric CO2 were first reported in 1989, although their detailed behavior in the middle atmosphere is still open question. We collected 60 stratospheric air samples over Sanriku, Japan from 1991 to 2004 and Kiruna, Sweden in 1997. Using these accumulated air samples, we performed long-term observations of triple oxygen isotope compositions of stratospheric CO2. It is the first simultaneous observation in the stratosphere of both relations between Δ17OCO2 and [N2O], and δ18OCO2 and δ17OCO2, accurately. Observations confirmed simultaneous linear correlations between δ18OCO2, Δ17OCO2, and [N2O] within [N2O]>50 ppbv: the correlations faded away along with decreasing [N2O] from 50 ppbv. For dividing observation results by [N2O]=50 ppbv, the divided datasets show that 1) both Δ17OCO2 and δ18OCO2 are conservative parameters within the N2O-rich division, 2) the slope of least squares regression on δ18O–δ17O plot for the N2O-rich division is significantly steeper than that of the N2O-depleted one, and 3) the N2O-depleted division shows a discrepancy with recent model calculations, suggesting unconsidered isotope fractionation processes on complicated oxygen interactions in the CO2-O3-O2 system in the upper stratosphere and mesosphere.