Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss., 7, 11839-11894, 2007
www.atmos-chem-phys-discuss.net/7/11839/2007/
doi:10.5194/acpd-7-11839-2007
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This discussion paper has been under review for the journal Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics (ACP). Please refer to the corresponding final paper in ACP.
SIMPOL.1: A simple group contribution method for predicting vapor pressures and enthalpies of vaporization of multifunctional organic compounds
J. F. Pankow1 and W. E. Asher1,2
1Department of Environmental and Biomolecular Systems, OGI School of Science & Engineering, Oregon Health & Science University, Beaverton, Oregon 97006-8921, USA
2Air-Sea Interaction and Remote Sensing Department, Applied Physics Laboratory, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington 98105, USA

Abstract. The SIMPOL.1 group contribution method is developed for predicting the liquid vapor pressure pLo (atm) and enthalpy of vaporization ΔHvap (kJ mol-1) of organic compounds as functions of temperature (T). For each compound i, the method assumes log10pL,io(T)=Σkνk,ibk(T) where νk,i is the number of groups of type k, and bk(T) is the contribution to log10 pL,io(T) by each group of type k. A zeroeth group is included that uses b0(T) with ν0,i=1 for all i. A total of 30 structural groups are considered: molecular carbon, alkyl hydroxyl, aromatic hydroxyl, alkyl ether, alkyl ring ether, aromatic ether, aldehyde, ketone, carboxylic acid, ester, nitrate, nitro, alkyl amine (primary, secondary, and tertiary), aromatic amine, amide (primary, secondary, and tertiary), peroxide, hydroperoxide, peroxy acid, C=C, carbonylperoxynitrate, nitro-phenol, nitro-ester, aromatic rings, non-aromatic rings, C=C–C=O in a non-aromatic ring, and carbon on the acid-side of an amide. The T dependence in each of the bk(T) is assumed to follow b(T)=B1/T+B2+B3T+B4lnT. Values of the B coefficients are fit using an initial basis set of 272 compounds for which experimentally based functions pL,io=fi(T) are available. The range of vapor pressure considered spans fourteen orders of magnitude. The ability of the initially fitted B coefficients to predict pLo values is examined using a test set of 161 compounds and a T range that is as wide as 273.15 to 393.15 K for some compounds. σFIT is defined as the average over all points of the absolute value of the difference between experimental and predicted values of log10pL,io(T). After consideration of σFIT for the test set, the initial basis set and test set compounds are combined, and the B coefficients re-optimized. For all compounds and temperatures, σFIT=0.34: on average, pL,io(T) values are predicted to within a factor of 2. Because d(log10pL,io(T))/d(1/T) is related to the enthalpy of vaporization ΔHvap,i, the fitted B provide predictions of ΔHvap,i based on structure.

Citation: Pankow, J. F. and Asher, W. E.: SIMPOL.1: A simple group contribution method for predicting vapor pressures and enthalpies of vaporization of multifunctional organic compounds, Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss., 7, 11839-11894, doi:10.5194/acpd-7-11839-2007, 2007.
 
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