Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss., 6, 9273-9296, 2006
www.atmos-chem-phys-discuss.net/6/9273/2006/
doi:10.5194/acpd-6-9273-2006
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This discussion paper has been under review for the journal Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics (ACP). Please refer to the corresponding final paper in ACP.
Measurements of O3, NO2 and BrO at the Kaashidhoo Climate Observatory (KCO) during the INDOEX (INDian Ocean EXperiment) Campaign using ground based DOAS (Differential Optical Absorption Spectroscopy) and satellite based GOME (Global Ozone Monitoring Experiment) data
A. Ladstätter-Weißenmayer, H. Altmeyer, M. Bruns, A. Richter, A. Rozanov, V. Rozanov, F. Wittrock, and J. P. Burrows
Institute of Environmental Physics, University of Bremen, P.O. Box 330440, 28334 Bremen, Germany

Abstract. The INDian Ocean EXperiment (INDOEX) was an international, multi-platform field campaign to measure long-range transport of air masses from South and South-East-(SE) Asia towards the Indian Ocean. During the dry monsoon season between January and March 1999, local measurements were carried out from ground based platforms and were compared with satellite based data. The objective of this study was to characterise stratospheric and tropospheric trace gas amounts in the equatorial region, and to investigate the impact of air pollution at this remote site. For the characterisation of the chemical composition of the outflow from the S-SE-Asian region, we performed ground based dual-axis-DOAS (Differential Optical Absorption Spectroscopy) measurements at the KCO (Kaashidhoo Climate Observatory) in the Maldives (5.0° N, 73.5° E). The ground based dual-axis-DOAS measurements were conducted using two different observation modes (off-axis and zenith-sky). This technique allows the separation of the tropospheric and stratospheric columns for different trace gases like O3 and NO2. These dual-axis DOAS data were compared with O3-sonde measurements performed at KCO and satellite based GOME (Global Ozone Measuring Experiment) data during the intensive measuring phase of the INDOEX campaign in February and March 1999. From GOME observations, tropospheric and stratospheric columns for O3 and NO2 were retrieved. In addition, the analysis of the O3-sonde measurements allowed the determination of the tropospheric O3 amount. The comparison shows that the results of all three measurement systems agree within their error limits. During the INDOEX campaign, background conditions were observed most of the time, but in a single case an increase of tropospheric NO2 during a short pollution event was observed and the impact on the vertical columns was calculated. In the GOME measurements, evidence was found for large tropospheric contributions to the BrO budget, probably located in the free troposphere and present throughout the year. The latter has been investigated by the comparison of satellite pixels influenced by high and low cloud conditions based on GOME data which allows the determination of the detection limit of tropospheric BrO columns.

Citation: Ladstätter-Weißenmayer, A., Altmeyer, H., Bruns, M., Richter, A., Rozanov, A., Rozanov, V., Wittrock, F., and Burrows, J. P.: Measurements of O3, NO2 and BrO at the Kaashidhoo Climate Observatory (KCO) during the INDOEX (INDian Ocean EXperiment) Campaign using ground based DOAS (Differential Optical Absorption Spectroscopy) and satellite based GOME (Global Ozone Monitoring Experiment) data, Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss., 6, 9273-9296, doi:10.5194/acpd-6-9273-2006, 2006.
 
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