Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss., 6, 4727-4754, 2006
www.atmos-chem-phys-discuss.net/6/4727/2006/
doi:10.5194/acpd-6-4727-2006
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This discussion paper has been under review for the journal Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics (ACP). Please refer to the corresponding final paper in ACP.
The water vapour distribution in the Arctic lowermost stratosphere during LAUTLOS campaign and related transport processes including stratosphere-troposphere exchange
A. Karpechko1, A. Lukyanov2, E. Kyrö1, S. Khaikin2, L. Korshunov2, R. Kivi1, and H. Vömel3
1Finnish Meteorological Institute, ARC, Sodankylä, Finland
2Central Aerological Observatory, Moscow, Russia
3Cooperative Institute for Environmental Sciences, University of Colorado, Boulder, USA

Abstract. Balloon-borne water vapour measurements during January and February 2004, which were obtained as part of the LAUTLOS campaign at Sodankylä, Finland, 67° N, were used to analyse the water vapour distribution in the wintertime Arctic lowermost stratosphere. A 2.5 km thick layer (or 30 K in the potential temperature scale) above the local tropopause is characterized by a significant water vapour variability on a synoptic timescale with values between stratospheric and tropospheric, which is in good agreement with previously reported measurements. A cross-correlation analysis of ozone and water vapour confirms that this layer contains a mixture of stratospheric and tropospheric air masses. Some of the flights sampled laminae of enhanced water vapour above the tropopause. Meteorological analyses and backward trajectory calculations show that these features are related to filaments that had developed along the flanks of cut-off anticyclones, which had been active at this time over the Northern Atlantic. Cross-tropopause mass fluxes calculated following the Wei method are used to identify regions and processes that are important for stratosphere-troposphere exchange (STE) in high-latitudes. Intensive STE occurs around cut-off anticyclones in regions of strong winds, where calculations suggest the presence of developed clear-air turbulence. The decay of the filaments is also shown to be important for STE.

Citation: Karpechko, A., Lukyanov, A., Kyrö, E., Khaikin, S., Korshunov, L., Kivi, R., and Vömel, H.: The water vapour distribution in the Arctic lowermost stratosphere during LAUTLOS campaign and related transport processes including stratosphere-troposphere exchange, Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss., 6, 4727-4754, doi:10.5194/acpd-6-4727-2006, 2006.
 
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