Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss., 6, 1455-1480, 2006
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This discussion paper has been under review for the journal Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics (ACP). Please refer to the corresponding final paper in ACP.
Modelling of nitrate particles: importance of sea salt
G. Myhre1,2 and A. Grini1
1Department of Geosciences, University of Oslo, Norway
2Center for International Climate and Environmental Research-Oslo, Oslo, Norway

Abstract. A thermo dynamical model for treatment of gas/aerosol partitioning of semi volatile inorganic aerosols has been implemented in a global chemistry and aerosol transport model (Oslo CTM2). The sulphur cycle and sea salt particles have been implemented earlier in the Oslo CTM2 and the focus of this study is on whether nitrate particles are formed as fine mode ammonium nitrate or react on existing sea salt particles. The model results show that ammonium nitrate particles play a non-negligible role in the total aerosol composition in certain industrialized regions and therefore have a significant local radiative forcing. On a global scale the aerosol optical depth of ammonium nitrate is relatively small due to limited availability of ammonia and reaction with sea salt particles. Inclusion of sea salt in the calculations reduces the aerosol optical depth and burden of ammonium nitrate particles by 25% on a global scale but with large regional variations.

Citation: Myhre, G. and Grini, A.: Modelling of nitrate particles: importance of sea salt, Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss., 6, 1455-1480, doi:10.5194/acpd-6-1455-2006, 2006.
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