Uptake of hypobromous acid (HOBr) by aqueous sulfuric acid solutions: low-temperature solubility and reaction
1Atmospheric Chemistry and Dynamics Branch, NASA Ames Research Center, Mail Stop 245-5, Moffett Field, CA 94035, USA
2National Research Council Resident Associate, USA
3SRI International NSF Research Experiences for Undergraduates Program, Menlo Park, CA 94025, USA
4Department of Mechanical Engineering, Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305, USA
*now at: Earth Tech, Ltd., London, UK
Abstract. Hypobromous acid (HOBr) is a key species linking inorganic bromine to the chlorine and odd hydrogen chemical families. We have measured the solubility of HOBr in 45–70 wt% sulfuric acid solutions representative of upper tropospheric and lower stratospheric aerosol composition. Over the temperature range 201–252 K, HOBr is quite soluble in sulfuric acid, with an effective Henry's law coefficient, H*=104-107 mol L-1 atm-1. H* is inversely dependent on temperature, with ΔH=-45.0±5.4 kJ mol-1 and ΔS=-101±24 J mol-1 K-1 for 55–70 wt% H2SO4 solutions. Our study includes temperatures which overlap both previous measurements of HOBr solubility. For uptake into 55–70 wt% H2SO4, the solubility is described by log H*=(2349±280)/T–(5.27±1.24). At temperatures colder than ~213 K, the solubility of HOBr in 45 wt% H2SO4 is at least a factor of five larger than in 70 wt% H2SO4, with log H*=(3665±270)/T–(10.63±1.23). The solubility of HOBr is comparable to that of HBr, indicating that upper tropospheric and lower stratospheric aerosols should contain equilibrium concentrations of HOBr which equal or exceed those of HBr. Upon uptake of HOBr into aqueous sulfuric acid in the presence of other brominated gases, particularly for 70 wt% H2SO4 solution, our measurements demonstrate chemical reaction of HOBr followed by evolution of gaseous products including Br2O and Br2.