Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss., 5, 11557-11581, 2005
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This discussion paper has been under review for the journal Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics (ACP). Please refer to the corresponding final paper in ACP.
Conceptual study on nucleation burst evolution in the convective boundary layer – Part IV: Comparison with previous observations
O. Hellmuth
Modelling Department, Institute for Tropospheric Research, Permoser Str. 15, 04318 Leipzig, Germany

Abstract. In part I to III of the present paper a revised columnar high-order modelling approach to model gas-aerosol interactions in the convective boundary layer (CBL) was proposed, and simulation results of two nucleation scenarios (binary vs. ternary) on new particle formation (NPF) in the anthropogenically influenced CBL were presented. It was demonstrated that both scenarios strongly differ with respect to the amplitude and phase of the NPF burst detectable in the Prandtl layer, as well as with respect to the time-height evolution of turbulent vertical fluxes and double correlation terms of physico-chemical and aerosoldynamical variables. In the present part, an attempt is made to re-evaluate previous observations of NPF bursts in the CBL in view of the scenario simulations discussed in part III. Special attention is payed to the role of CBL turbulence in NPF burst evolution. At first, a compilation of empirical findings and hypothesis on NPF in the CBL derived from a number of field experiments, is performed. Secondly, it is demonstrated, that the binary scenario simulated in part III corresponds well to a number of NPF burst events observed in Hyytiälä (Finland) and Melpitz (Eastern Germany). Here, one of the key hypothesis on the role of turbulence in NPF is confirmed. Other NPF events, such as those observed at Hohenpeissenberg, a mountain site (Southern Germany), can not yet be conclusively explained. To note, that the results of previous box modelling studies to explain NPF events at Hohenpeissenberg are not unambiguous. Nonetheless, based on only two simulated scenarios it is demonstrated, that a columnar high-order model is a helpful tool to elucidate the genesis of NPF bursts frequently observed in the CBL. A comprehensive verification/validation study using observed high-order moments as well as further scenario simulations remain to be performed.

Citation: Hellmuth, O.: Conceptual study on nucleation burst evolution in the convective boundary layer – Part IV: Comparison with previous observations, Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss., 5, 11557-11581, doi:10.5194/acpd-5-11557-2005, 2005.
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