Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss., 5, 10685-10721, 2005
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Spectroscopic evidence for β-NAT, STS, and ice in MIPAS infrared limb emission measurements of polar stratospheric clouds
M. Höpfner1, B. P. Luo2, P. Massoli3, F. Cairo3, R. Spang4, M. Snels3, G. Di Donfrancesco5, G. Stiller1, T. von Clarmann1, H. Fischer1, and U. Biermann6,*
1Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe, Institut für Meteorologie und Klimaforschung, Karlsruhe, Germany
2Institut für Atmosphäre und Klima, ETH-H¨onggerberg, Zürich, Switzerland
3Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche, Istituto di Scienze dell’Atmosfera e del Clima, Rome, Italy
4Forschungszentrum Jülich, Institut für Chemie und Dynamik der Geosphäre, Jülich, Germany
5Ente per le Nuove tecnologie, l’Energie e l’Ambiente, Rome, Italy
6Max-Planck-Institut für Chemie, Abteilung Atmosphärenchemie, Mainz, Germany
*now at: Referat für Umwelt- und Energiepolitik des SPD-Parteivorstandes, Berlin, Germany

Abstract. We have analyzed mid-infrared limb-emission measurements of polar stratospheric clouds (PSCs) by the Michelson Interferometer for Passive Atmospheric Sounding (MIPAS) during the Antarctic winter 2003 with respect to PSC composition. Coincident lidar observations from McMurdo were used for comparison with PSC types 1a, 1b and 2. By application of new refractive index data we could prove that a spectral signature at 820 cm−1 as observed by MIPAS near to the observation of a type 1a PSC is due to a composition of β-NAT. MIPAS infrared spectra collocated with Lidar observations of Type 1b and Type 2 PSCs could only be reproduced by assuming a composition of supercooled ternary H2SO4/HNO3/H2O solution (STS) and of ice, respectively. Particle radius and number density profiles derived from MIPAS were generally consistent with the lidar observations. Only in the case of ice clouds, PSC volumes are underestimated due to large cloud optical thickness in the limb-direction. A comparison of MIPAS cloud composition and lidar PSC-type determination based on all available MIPAS-lidar coincident measurements revealed good agreement between PSC-types 1a, 1b and 2, and NAT, STS and ice, respectively. We could not find any spectroscopic evidence for the presence of nitric acid dihydrate (NAD) from any MIPAS observation of PSCs over Antarctica in 2003.

Citation: Höpfner, M., Luo, B. P., Massoli, P., Cairo, F., Spang, R., Snels, M., Di Donfrancesco, G., Stiller, G., von Clarmann, T., Fischer, H., and Biermann, U.: Spectroscopic evidence for β-NAT, STS, and ice in MIPAS infrared limb emission measurements of polar stratospheric clouds, Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss., 5, 10685-10721, doi:10.5194/acpd-5-10685-2005, 2005.
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