Rayleigh lidar observation of a warm stratopause over a tropical site, Gadanki (13.5° N; 79.2° E)
1Laboratoire de Physique de l’Atmosphère CNRS-UMR 8105, Université de La Réunion, 15 Av. René Cassin, BP 7151, 97715 Saint-Denis Messag. Cedex 9, La Réunion, France
2Institut Pierre Simon Laplace (IPSL), Observatoire de Physique de l’Atmosphère de la Réunion (OPAR), La Réunion, France
3Service d’Aeronomie du CNRS, UMR 7620, France
4National Remote Sensing Agency, Bala Nagar, Hyderabad – 500 037, India
Abstract. The first Rayleigh lidar observation of a stratopause warming over a tropical site, Gadanki (13.5° N; 79.2° E) is presented in this paper. The warming event has been observed on 22–23 February 2001, and has been found to occur in the stratopause height region (~45–55 km). The magnitude of the warming is found to be ~18 K with respect to the winter-mean temperature profile derived from the lidar data collected over March 1998 to July 2001. The event observed by the lidar has also been seen in the data from Halogen Occultation Experiment (HALOE) on board the UARS satellite. The zonal-mean temperature at 80° N and the zonal-mean zonal wind at 60° N from National Centre for Environmental Prediction (NCEP) and European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts (ECMWF) reanalysis indicate that a major warming episode also took place in the northern polar hemisphere, a week before to the day of the observation over Gadanki. Eliassen-Palm (E-P) flux calculations from ECMWF reanalysis show evidence of propagation of planetary-wave activity from high and mid to low latitudes consecutive to the major warming episode over the pole. Our results support the view that the most likely source mechanism for the observed stratopause warming is the increase in planetary-wave activity.