Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss., 4, 2379-2403, 2004
www.atmos-chem-phys-discuss.net/4/2379/2004/
doi:10.5194/acpd-4-2379-2004
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This discussion paper has been under review for the journal Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics (ACP). Please refer to the corresponding final paper in ACP.
Absolute absorption cross-section and photolysis rate of I2
A. Saiz-Lopez1, R. W. Saunders1, D. M. Joseph1, S. H. Ashworth2, and J. M. C. Plane1
1School of Environmental Sciences, University of East Anglia, Norwich, UK
2School of Chemical Sciences and Pharmacy, University of East Anglia, Norwich, UK

Abstract. Following recent observations of molecular iodine (I2) in the coastal marine boundary layer (MBL) (Saiz-Lopez and Plane, 2004), it has become important to determine the absolute absorption cross-section of I2 at reasonably high resolution, and also to evaluate the rate of photolysis of the molecule in the lower atmosphere. The absolute absorption cross-section (σ) of gaseous I2 at room temperature and pressure (295 K, 760 Torr) was therefore measured between 182 and 750 nm using a Fourier Transform spectrometer at a resolution of 4 cm−1 (0.1 nm at λ=500 nm). The maximum absorption cross-section in the visible region was observed at λ=533.0 nm to be σ=(4.84±0.60)×10−18cm2 molecule−1. The spectrum is available as supplementary material accompanying this paper. The photo-dissociation rate constant (J) of gaseous I2 was also measured directly in a solar simulator, yielding J(I2)=0.12±0.03 s−1 for the lower troposphere. This agrees well with the value of 0.15±0.03 s−1 calculated using the measured absorption cross-section, terrestrial solar flux for clear sky conditions and assuming a photo-dissociation yield of unity. A two-stream radiation transfer model was then used to determine the variation in photolysis rate with solar zenith angle (SZA), from which an analytic expression is derived for use in atmospheric models. Photolysis appears to be the dominant loss process for I2 during daytime, and hence an important source of iodine atoms in the lower atmosphere.

Citation: Saiz-Lopez, A., Saunders, R. W., Joseph, D. M., Ashworth, S. H., and Plane, J. M. C.: Absolute absorption cross-section and photolysis rate of I2, Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss., 4, 2379-2403, doi:10.5194/acpd-4-2379-2004, 2004.
 
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